Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) using alkaline electrolytes are of interest due to the applicability of nonprecious metal-based materials for electrocatalysts. However, the lack of understanding of the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) mechanism in alkaline media hinders the development of active catalysts for the MOR. In this work, ambient-pressure XPS and in situ surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy were performed on the Pt surface in order to gain experimental insights into the reaction pathway for the MOR. We present a comprehensive reaction mechanism for the MOR in alkaline media and show that the MOR proceeds via two different pathways depending on the electrode potential. We confirmed the formation of partially hydrogenated CO adsorbates [HxCOad···(OH) (1 < x < 3)] via water and/or hydroxide ion-mediated dissociation of methanol. The HxCOad···(OH) species were further dehydrogenated to COad in the potential range of 0.40-0.60 VRHE and subsequently oxidized to CO2 by reactive OHad on the Pt surface at 0.65 VRHE (pathway I). Furthermore, H3C-Oad intermediates were observed at potentials higher than 0.9 VRHE, at which the MOR proceeds mainly via H3C-Oad instead of COad intermediates (pathway II). The oxidation current related to this conversion from H3C-Oad to CO2 (pathway II) dominates the overall MOR current, suggesting that the H3C-Oad pathway could be one of the keys to enhancing the MOR activity in an alkaline environment. Our findings pave the way toward a design strategy for MOR electrocatalysts with improved activity based on the experimental reaction mechanisms that have been identified.

Katayama, Y., Kubota, R., Rao, R., Hwang, J., Giordano, L., Morinaga, A., et al. (2021). Direct Observation of Surface-Bound Intermediates during Methanol Oxidation on Platinum under Alkaline Conditions. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 125(48), 26321-26331 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c06878].

Direct Observation of Surface-Bound Intermediates during Methanol Oxidation on Platinum under Alkaline Conditions

Giordano L.;
2021

Abstract

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) using alkaline electrolytes are of interest due to the applicability of nonprecious metal-based materials for electrocatalysts. However, the lack of understanding of the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) mechanism in alkaline media hinders the development of active catalysts for the MOR. In this work, ambient-pressure XPS and in situ surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy were performed on the Pt surface in order to gain experimental insights into the reaction pathway for the MOR. We present a comprehensive reaction mechanism for the MOR in alkaline media and show that the MOR proceeds via two different pathways depending on the electrode potential. We confirmed the formation of partially hydrogenated CO adsorbates [HxCOad···(OH) (1 < x < 3)] via water and/or hydroxide ion-mediated dissociation of methanol. The HxCOad···(OH) species were further dehydrogenated to COad in the potential range of 0.40-0.60 VRHE and subsequently oxidized to CO2 by reactive OHad on the Pt surface at 0.65 VRHE (pathway I). Furthermore, H3C-Oad intermediates were observed at potentials higher than 0.9 VRHE, at which the MOR proceeds mainly via H3C-Oad instead of COad intermediates (pathway II). The oxidation current related to this conversion from H3C-Oad to CO2 (pathway II) dominates the overall MOR current, suggesting that the H3C-Oad pathway could be one of the keys to enhancing the MOR activity in an alkaline environment. Our findings pave the way toward a design strategy for MOR electrocatalysts with improved activity based on the experimental reaction mechanisms that have been identified.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Methanol Oxidation, Platinum, electrocatalysis
English
26321
26331
11
Katayama, Y., Kubota, R., Rao, R., Hwang, J., Giordano, L., Morinaga, A., et al. (2021). Direct Observation of Surface-Bound Intermediates during Methanol Oxidation on Platinum under Alkaline Conditions. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 125(48), 26321-26331 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c06878].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/348392
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