The main objective of this study was to compare readmitted (RW) and non-readmitted (NRW) female psychiatric patients after being conditionally or unconditionally released from Italian inpatient forensic psychiatry services, in order to identify variables that were significantly linked with readmission. This study included all patients who were discharged from the female Residences for the Execution of the Security Measure (REMS) of Castiglione delle Stiviere from January 2008 to June 2015 who were not readmitted until December 31, 2018 (48). In addition, data were collected on female patients who were discharged from the same REMS before 2008 and readmitted from January 2008 to December 2018 (42). A key finding of our study was that the readmission into a female REMS was positively associated with the presence of substance use disorders (SUD) and a primary diagnosis on Axis II. To a lesser extent, younger age, being unconditionally discharged when first released, having had a shorter length of inpatient stay and having committed a crime against property for the first REMS admission was also variables that were apparently linked with readmission. The present research continues the previous research on gender-specific mentally ill offenders. Hence, the decision to proceed separately with a sample of men only and one of women only. For all these reasons, young female patients with personality disorder and SUD perhaps should remain longer in REMS and be released with conditions. In most European countries, the length of stay depends on the clinical condition and risk assessment, with some exceptions where the courts set a maximum length of stay at the outset, as in Italy. All the factors listed above influence the risk assessment. Finally, from integrating these findings into the increasing international literature on conditional release and considering the recent changes in the Italian forensic treatment model, we recommend continuing research on individual risk and protective factors as well as risk assessment instruments on conditionally and unconditionally released inpatients with genders studied separately.

Rossetto, I., Clerici, M., Franconi, F., Felthous, A., Carabellese, F., Di Vella, G., et al. (2021). Differences Between Readmitted and Non-readmitted Women in an Italian Forensic Unit: A Retrospective Study. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 12(20 October 2021) [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.708873].

Differences Between Readmitted and Non-readmitted Women in an Italian Forensic Unit: A Retrospective Study

Rossetto I.;Clerici M.;
2021

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to compare readmitted (RW) and non-readmitted (NRW) female psychiatric patients after being conditionally or unconditionally released from Italian inpatient forensic psychiatry services, in order to identify variables that were significantly linked with readmission. This study included all patients who were discharged from the female Residences for the Execution of the Security Measure (REMS) of Castiglione delle Stiviere from January 2008 to June 2015 who were not readmitted until December 31, 2018 (48). In addition, data were collected on female patients who were discharged from the same REMS before 2008 and readmitted from January 2008 to December 2018 (42). A key finding of our study was that the readmission into a female REMS was positively associated with the presence of substance use disorders (SUD) and a primary diagnosis on Axis II. To a lesser extent, younger age, being unconditionally discharged when first released, having had a shorter length of inpatient stay and having committed a crime against property for the first REMS admission was also variables that were apparently linked with readmission. The present research continues the previous research on gender-specific mentally ill offenders. Hence, the decision to proceed separately with a sample of men only and one of women only. For all these reasons, young female patients with personality disorder and SUD perhaps should remain longer in REMS and be released with conditions. In most European countries, the length of stay depends on the clinical condition and risk assessment, with some exceptions where the courts set a maximum length of stay at the outset, as in Italy. All the factors listed above influence the risk assessment. Finally, from integrating these findings into the increasing international literature on conditional release and considering the recent changes in the Italian forensic treatment model, we recommend continuing research on individual risk and protective factors as well as risk assessment instruments on conditionally and unconditionally released inpatients with genders studied separately.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
discharge; female forensic psychiatry inmates; non-readmitted; personality disorders; readmitted; substance use;
English
Rossetto, I., Clerici, M., Franconi, F., Felthous, A., Carabellese, F., Di Vella, G., et al. (2021). Differences Between Readmitted and Non-readmitted Women in an Italian Forensic Unit: A Retrospective Study. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 12(20 October 2021) [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.708873].
Rossetto, I; Clerici, M; Franconi, F; Felthous, A; Carabellese, F; Di Vella, G; Gandellini, M; Parente, L; Carabellese, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/348004
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