Let p,q be distinct primes, with p&gt;2. We classify the Hopf-Galois structures on Galois extensions of degree p2q, such that the Sylow p-subgroups of the Galois group are cyclic. This we do, according to Greither and Pareigis, and Byott, by classifying the regular subgroups of the holomorphs of the groups (G,⋅) of order p2q, in the case when the Sylow p-subgroups of G are cyclic. This is equivalent to classifying the skew braces (G,⋅,∘). Furthermore, we prove that if G and Γ are groups of order p2q with non-isomorphic Sylow p-subgroups, then there are no regular subgroups of the holomorph of G which are isomorphic to Γ. Equivalently, a Galois extension with Galois group Γ has no Hopf-Galois structures of type G. Our method relies on the alternate brace operation ∘ on G, which we use mainly indirectly, that is, in terms of the functions γ:G→Aut(G) defined by g↦(x↦(x∘g)⋅g−1). These functions are in one-to-one correspondence with the regular subgroups of the holomorph of G, and are characterised by the functional equation γ(gγ(h)⋅h)=γ(g)γ(h), for g,h∈G. We develop methods to deal with these functions, with the aim of making their enumeration easier, and more conceptual.

Campedel, E., Caranti, A., & Del Corso, I. (2020). Hopf-Galois structures on extensions of degree p2q and skew braces of order p2q: The cyclic Sylow p-subgroup case. JOURNAL OF ALGEBRA, 556(15 August 2020), 1165-1210 [10.1016/j.jalgebra.2020.04.009].

Hopf-Galois structures on extensions of degree p2q and skew braces of order p2q: The cyclic Sylow p-subgroup case

Abstract

Let p,q be distinct primes, with p>2. We classify the Hopf-Galois structures on Galois extensions of degree p2q, such that the Sylow p-subgroups of the Galois group are cyclic. This we do, according to Greither and Pareigis, and Byott, by classifying the regular subgroups of the holomorphs of the groups (G,⋅) of order p2q, in the case when the Sylow p-subgroups of G are cyclic. This is equivalent to classifying the skew braces (G,⋅,∘). Furthermore, we prove that if G and Γ are groups of order p2q with non-isomorphic Sylow p-subgroups, then there are no regular subgroups of the holomorph of G which are isomorphic to Γ. Equivalently, a Galois extension with Galois group Γ has no Hopf-Galois structures of type G. Our method relies on the alternate brace operation ∘ on G, which we use mainly indirectly, that is, in terms of the functions γ:G→Aut(G) defined by g↦(x↦(x∘g)⋅g−1). These functions are in one-to-one correspondence with the regular subgroups of the holomorph of G, and are characterised by the functional equation γ(gγ(h)⋅h)=γ(g)γ(h), for g,h∈G. We develop methods to deal with these functions, with the aim of making their enumeration easier, and more conceptual.
Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Braces; Holomorph; Hopf-Galois extensions; Hopf-Galois structures; Regular subgroups; Skew braces;
English
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Campedel, E., Caranti, A., & Del Corso, I. (2020). Hopf-Galois structures on extensions of degree p2q and skew braces of order p2q: The cyclic Sylow p-subgroup case. JOURNAL OF ALGEBRA, 556(15 August 2020), 1165-1210 [10.1016/j.jalgebra.2020.04.009].
Campedel, E; Caranti, A; Del Corso, I
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/10281/346846`
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