An association between liver stiffness, a surrogate measure of liver fibrosis, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed. However, most studies were small and had low statistical power. We systematically searched PubMed-MEDLINE and Scopus from inception to August 2021 for cross-sectional or cohort studies reporting the association between liver stiffness diagnosed by vibration controlled transient elastography (VCTE) and renal dysfunction. The primary outcome was CKD, defined as a composite of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 mg/g and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Measures of association from individual studies were meta-analyzed using random effects models. Of the 526 titles initially scrutinized, 7 cross-sectional studies fulfilled the criteria and were included. For CKD, risk was higher in patients with liver fibrosis assessed by VCTE, compared with patients without (n = 5 studies: OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.89–3.29; test for overall effect z = 6.475, p < 0.001). When increased UACR was considered as an outcome, elevated liver stiffness was associated with a significantly increased risk as well (n = 3 studies: OR 1. 98 95% CI 1.29–3.05; test for overall effect z = 3.113, p = 0.002). Neither analysis showed significant heterogeneity (I2 = 0% and I2 = 46.5%, respectively for the two outcomes). This meta-analysis indicates that elevated liver stiffness is associated with increased odds of kidney outcomes among patients with NAFLD. Wider use of VCTE to screen for advanced fibrosis might help identify patients at risk of end-stage renal disease.

Ciardullo, S., Ballabeni, C., Trevisan, R., Perseghin, G. (2022). Liver Stiffness, Albuminuria and Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with NAFLD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. BIOMOLECULES, 12(1) [10.3390/biom12010105].

Liver Stiffness, Albuminuria and Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with NAFLD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ciardullo, S
;
Trevisan, R;Perseghin, G
2022

Abstract

An association between liver stiffness, a surrogate measure of liver fibrosis, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed. However, most studies were small and had low statistical power. We systematically searched PubMed-MEDLINE and Scopus from inception to August 2021 for cross-sectional or cohort studies reporting the association between liver stiffness diagnosed by vibration controlled transient elastography (VCTE) and renal dysfunction. The primary outcome was CKD, defined as a composite of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 mg/g and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Measures of association from individual studies were meta-analyzed using random effects models. Of the 526 titles initially scrutinized, 7 cross-sectional studies fulfilled the criteria and were included. For CKD, risk was higher in patients with liver fibrosis assessed by VCTE, compared with patients without (n = 5 studies: OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.89–3.29; test for overall effect z = 6.475, p < 0.001). When increased UACR was considered as an outcome, elevated liver stiffness was associated with a significantly increased risk as well (n = 3 studies: OR 1. 98 95% CI 1.29–3.05; test for overall effect z = 3.113, p = 0.002). Neither analysis showed significant heterogeneity (I2 = 0% and I2 = 46.5%, respectively for the two outcomes). This meta-analysis indicates that elevated liver stiffness is associated with increased odds of kidney outcomes among patients with NAFLD. Wider use of VCTE to screen for advanced fibrosis might help identify patients at risk of end-stage renal disease.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Albuminuria; CKD; Fibroscan; MAFLD; NAFLD; Type 2 diabetes;
English
8-gen-2022
2022
12
1
105
open
Ciardullo, S., Ballabeni, C., Trevisan, R., Perseghin, G. (2022). Liver Stiffness, Albuminuria and Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with NAFLD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. BIOMOLECULES, 12(1) [10.3390/biom12010105].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/344545
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