Ras proteins are small GTPases playing a pivotal role in cell proliferation and differentiation, Their activation state depends on the competing action of GTPase Activating Proteins (GAP) and Guanine nucleotide Exchange Factors (GEF), A tryptophan residue (Trp1056 in CDC25(Mm)-GEF), conserved in all ras-specific GEFs identified so far has been previously shown to be essential for GEF activity. Its substitution with glutamic acid results in a catalytically inactive mutant, which is able to efficiently displace wild-ty pe GEF from p21(ras) and to originate a stable ras/GEF binary complex due to the reduced affinity of the nucleotide-free ras/GEF complex for the incoming nucleotide, We show here that this 'ras-sequestering property' can be utilized to attenuate ras signal transduction pathways in mouse fibroblasts transformed by oncogenic ras, In fact overexpression of the dominant negative GEF(W1056E), stable transfected cells strongly reduces intracellular ras GTP levels in k-ras transformed fibroblasts. Accordingly, the transfected fibroblasts revert to wild-type phenotype on the basis of morphology, cell cycle and anchorage independent growth. The reversion of the transformed phenotype is accompanied bar DNA endoreduplication, The possible use of dominant negative ras-specific GEFs as a tool to down-regulate tumor growth is discussed.
|Citazione:||Bossu, P., Vanoni, M., Wanke, V., Cesaroni, M.P., Tropea, F., Melillo, G., et al. (2000). A dominant negative RAS-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor reverses neoplastic phenotype in K-ras transformed mouse fibroblasts. ONCOGENE, 19(17), 2147-2154.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||A dominant negative RAS-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor reverses neoplastic phenotype in K-ras transformed mouse fibroblasts|
|Autori:||Bossu, P; Vanoni, M; Wanke, V; Cesaroni, MP; Tropea, F; Melillo, G; Asti, C; Porzio, S; Ruggiero, P; Di Cioccio, V; Maurizi, G; Ciabini, A; Alberghina, L|
|Data di pubblicazione:||20-apr-2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|