Phase contrast x-ray imaging is a powerful technique for the detection of low-contrast details in weakly absorbing objects. This method is of possible relevance in the field of diagnostic radiology. In fact, imaging low-contrast details within soft tissue does not give satisfactory results in conventional x-ray absorption radiology, mammography being a typical example. Nevertheless, up to now all applications of the phase contrast technique, carried out on thin samples, have required radiation doses substantially higher than those delivered in conventional radiological examinations. To demonstrate the applicability of the method to mammography we produced phase contrast images of objects a few centimetres thick while delivering radiation doses lower than or comparable to doses needed in standard mammographic examinations (typically ~1 mGy mean glandular dose (MGD)). We show images of a custom mammographic phantom and of two specimens of human breast tissue obtained at the SYRMEP bending magnet beamline at Elettra, the Trieste synchrotron radiation facility. The introduction of an intensifier screen enabled us to obtain phase contrast images of these thick samples with radiation doses comparable to those used in mammography. Low absorbing details such as 50 μm thick nylon wires or thin calcium deposits (~50 μm) within breast tissue, invisible with conventional techniques, are detected by means of the proposed method. We also find that the use of a bending magnet radiation source relaxes the previously reported requirements on source size for phase contrast imaging. Finally, the consistency of the results has been checked by theoretical simulations carried out for the purposes of this experiment.

Arfelli, F., Assante, M., Bonvicini, V., Bravin, A., Cantatore, G., Castelli, E., et al. (1998). Low-dose phase contrast x-ray medical imaging. PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 43(10), 2845-2852 [10.1088/0031-9155/43/10/013].

Low-dose phase contrast x-ray medical imaging

Bravin A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
1998

Abstract

Phase contrast x-ray imaging is a powerful technique for the detection of low-contrast details in weakly absorbing objects. This method is of possible relevance in the field of diagnostic radiology. In fact, imaging low-contrast details within soft tissue does not give satisfactory results in conventional x-ray absorption radiology, mammography being a typical example. Nevertheless, up to now all applications of the phase contrast technique, carried out on thin samples, have required radiation doses substantially higher than those delivered in conventional radiological examinations. To demonstrate the applicability of the method to mammography we produced phase contrast images of objects a few centimetres thick while delivering radiation doses lower than or comparable to doses needed in standard mammographic examinations (typically ~1 mGy mean glandular dose (MGD)). We show images of a custom mammographic phantom and of two specimens of human breast tissue obtained at the SYRMEP bending magnet beamline at Elettra, the Trieste synchrotron radiation facility. The introduction of an intensifier screen enabled us to obtain phase contrast images of these thick samples with radiation doses comparable to those used in mammography. Low absorbing details such as 50 μm thick nylon wires or thin calcium deposits (~50 μm) within breast tissue, invisible with conventional techniques, are detected by means of the proposed method. We also find that the use of a bending magnet radiation source relaxes the previously reported requirements on source size for phase contrast imaging. Finally, the consistency of the results has been checked by theoretical simulations carried out for the purposes of this experiment.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Low-dose, phase contrast, x-rays, medical imaging
English
1998
43
10
2845
2852
reserved
Arfelli, F., Assante, M., Bonvicini, V., Bravin, A., Cantatore, G., Castelli, E., et al. (1998). Low-dose phase contrast x-ray medical imaging. PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 43(10), 2845-2852 [10.1088/0031-9155/43/10/013].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/343196
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