Several hypotheses on the origin of the continental Moho are still debated and multiple mechanisms may contribute to its formation. Here, we present quantitative estimation of the seismic properties and anisotropy of the crust-mantle transition in the Western Alps where an example of newly formed (proto)-continental Moho is unusually shallow. We make use of teleseismic P-to-S converted-waves recorded by stations deployed on top of the Ivrea Body (IB), a volume of possibly serpentinized mantle peridotite below exhumed (ultra-)high pressure crustal rocks. The IB has been mapped by gravity, magnetic, active and passive seismic surveys suggesting an extremely shallow Moho. We demonstrate that the P-to-S converted waves propagating through this region display coupled features: (a) they record expected presence of strong seismic velocity contrast at shallow depth as due to the lower crustal and upper mantle transition; (b) they are decomposed due to anisotropic properties of rocks involved. The proto-continental Moho is recognized as an increase in S-wave velocity (∼0.4–1 km/s) at shallow depths of 5–10 km. The presence of anisotropy within the IB and overlying crustal rocks is evidenced by back-azimuthal dependence of the amplitude of P-to-S phases. The strength of anisotropy is ∼−14% on average pointing out the presence of metamorphosed/hydrated material (e.g., serpentinite) below the Moho. Anisotropic directions are consistent across Moho in both crust and upper mantle. The similarity of the anisotropy parameters between crust and upper mantle suggests they have been shaped by the same deformation event.

Salimbeni, S., Piana Agostinetti, N., Pondrelli, S. (2021). Insights Into the Origin and Deformation Style of the Continental Moho: A Case-Study From the Western Alps (Italy). JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. SOLID EARTH, 126(6) [10.1029/2020JB021319].

Insights Into the Origin and Deformation Style of the Continental Moho: A Case-Study From the Western Alps (Italy)

Piana Agostinetti, N;
2021

Abstract

Several hypotheses on the origin of the continental Moho are still debated and multiple mechanisms may contribute to its formation. Here, we present quantitative estimation of the seismic properties and anisotropy of the crust-mantle transition in the Western Alps where an example of newly formed (proto)-continental Moho is unusually shallow. We make use of teleseismic P-to-S converted-waves recorded by stations deployed on top of the Ivrea Body (IB), a volume of possibly serpentinized mantle peridotite below exhumed (ultra-)high pressure crustal rocks. The IB has been mapped by gravity, magnetic, active and passive seismic surveys suggesting an extremely shallow Moho. We demonstrate that the P-to-S converted waves propagating through this region display coupled features: (a) they record expected presence of strong seismic velocity contrast at shallow depth as due to the lower crustal and upper mantle transition; (b) they are decomposed due to anisotropic properties of rocks involved. The proto-continental Moho is recognized as an increase in S-wave velocity (∼0.4–1 km/s) at shallow depths of 5–10 km. The presence of anisotropy within the IB and overlying crustal rocks is evidenced by back-azimuthal dependence of the amplitude of P-to-S phases. The strength of anisotropy is ∼−14% on average pointing out the presence of metamorphosed/hydrated material (e.g., serpentinite) below the Moho. Anisotropic directions are consistent across Moho in both crust and upper mantle. The similarity of the anisotropy parameters between crust and upper mantle suggests they have been shaped by the same deformation event.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Continental Moho; harmonics decomposition; Ivrea body; receiver functions; seismic anisotropy;
English
Salimbeni, S., Piana Agostinetti, N., Pondrelli, S. (2021). Insights Into the Origin and Deformation Style of the Continental Moho: A Case-Study From the Western Alps (Italy). JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. SOLID EARTH, 126(6) [10.1029/2020JB021319].
Salimbeni, S; Piana Agostinetti, N; Pondrelli, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/340604
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