Background: The COVID-19 pandemic drastically impacted on family life and may have caused parental distress, which in turn may result in an overreliance on less effective parenting practices. Objective: The aim of the current study was to identify risk and protective factors associated with impaired parenting during the COVID-19 lockdown. Key factors predicting maternal harsh discipline were examined in China, Italy, and the Netherlands, using a cross-validation approach, with a particular focus on the role of allomaternal support from father and grandparents as a protective factor in predicting maternal harshness. Methods: The sample consisted of 900 Dutch, 641 Italian, and 922 Chinese mothers (age M = 36.74, SD = 5.58) who completed an online questionnaire during the lockdown. Results: Although marital conflict and psychopathology were shared risk factors predicting maternal harsh parenting in each of the three countries, cross-validation identified a unique risk factor model for each country. In the Netherlands and China, but not in Italy, work-related stressors were considered risk factors. In China, support from father and grandparents for mothers with a young child were protective factors. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the constellation of factors predicting maternal harshness during COVID-19 is not identical across countries, possibly due to cultural variations in support from fathers and grandparents. This information will be valuable for the identification of at-risk families during pandemics. Our findings show that shared childrearing can buffer against risks for harsh parenting during COVID-19. Hence, adopting approaches to build a pandemic-proof community of care may help at-risk parents during future pandemics.

Riem, M., Lodder, P., Guo, J., Vrielink-Verpaalen, M., van IJzendoorn, M., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M., et al. (2021). Predictive Models of Maternal Harsh Parenting During COVID-19 in China, Italy, and Netherlands. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY, 12 [10.3389/fpsyt.2021.722453].

Predictive Models of Maternal Harsh Parenting During COVID-19 in China, Italy, and Netherlands

De Carli P.
2021

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic drastically impacted on family life and may have caused parental distress, which in turn may result in an overreliance on less effective parenting practices. Objective: The aim of the current study was to identify risk and protective factors associated with impaired parenting during the COVID-19 lockdown. Key factors predicting maternal harsh discipline were examined in China, Italy, and the Netherlands, using a cross-validation approach, with a particular focus on the role of allomaternal support from father and grandparents as a protective factor in predicting maternal harshness. Methods: The sample consisted of 900 Dutch, 641 Italian, and 922 Chinese mothers (age M = 36.74, SD = 5.58) who completed an online questionnaire during the lockdown. Results: Although marital conflict and psychopathology were shared risk factors predicting maternal harsh parenting in each of the three countries, cross-validation identified a unique risk factor model for each country. In the Netherlands and China, but not in Italy, work-related stressors were considered risk factors. In China, support from father and grandparents for mothers with a young child were protective factors. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the constellation of factors predicting maternal harshness during COVID-19 is not identical across countries, possibly due to cultural variations in support from fathers and grandparents. This information will be valuable for the identification of at-risk families during pandemics. Our findings show that shared childrearing can buffer against risks for harsh parenting during COVID-19. Hence, adopting approaches to build a pandemic-proof community of care may help at-risk parents during future pandemics.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
allomaternal support; COVID-19 pandemic; cross-validation; father involvement; grandparents; harsh parenting
English
Riem, M., Lodder, P., Guo, J., Vrielink-Verpaalen, M., van IJzendoorn, M., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M., et al. (2021). Predictive Models of Maternal Harsh Parenting During COVID-19 in China, Italy, and Netherlands. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY, 12 [10.3389/fpsyt.2021.722453].
Riem, M; Lodder, P; Guo, J; Vrielink-Verpaalen, M; van IJzendoorn, M; Bakermans-Kranenburg, M; De Carli, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/340513
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