Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors and endocrine therapy (ET) deeply transformed the treatment landscape of hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer. Randomized clinical trials suggest that second progression-free survival (PFS2) was not compromised and time to subsequent chemotherapy (TTC) may be delayed. We carried out a meta-analysis to assess the benefit on PFS2 and on delaying the TTC. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search of randomized clinical trials with CDK4/6 inhibitors and ET reporting PFS2 or TTC of HR+/HER2- pre- or postmenopausal metastatic breast cancer. We also reviewed abstracts and presentations from all major conference proceedings. We calculated the pooled hazard ratios (HR) for PFS2 and TTC using random-effects models with 95% confidence intervals (CI). I2 was used to quantify heterogeneity between results of the studies. Results: Eight studies (MONALEESA-2/3/7, MONARCH-2/3, PALOMA-1/2/3) were included in this analysis (N = 4580 patients). PFS2 benefit was observed in patients who received CDK4/6 inhibitors plus ET (pooled HR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.62-0.74, I2 = 0%) and also a delay in subsequent TTC (pooled HR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.60-0.71, I2 = 0%). A benefit in terms of PFS (pooled HR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.51-0.59, I2 = 0%) and overall survival (pooled HR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.69-0.84, I2 = 0%) was also observed. Conclusions: CDK4/6 inhibitors plus ET compared with ET alone improve PFS2 and TTC. The delay of chemotherapy may postpone the start of a more toxic treatment option, delaying related toxicities and potentially maintaining a better quality of life for patients, for a longer time. The benefit in PFS2 may postpone the onset of endocrine resistance and help further validate this treatment approach.

Munzone, E., Pagan, E., Bagnardi, V., Montagna, E., Cancello, G., Dellapasqua, S., et al. (2021). Systematic review and meta-analysis of post-progression outcomes in ER+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer after CDK4/6 inhibitors within randomized clinical trials. ESMO OPEN, 6(6) [10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100332].

Systematic review and meta-analysis of post-progression outcomes in ER+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer after CDK4/6 inhibitors within randomized clinical trials

Pagan, E.;Bagnardi, V.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors and endocrine therapy (ET) deeply transformed the treatment landscape of hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer. Randomized clinical trials suggest that second progression-free survival (PFS2) was not compromised and time to subsequent chemotherapy (TTC) may be delayed. We carried out a meta-analysis to assess the benefit on PFS2 and on delaying the TTC. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search of randomized clinical trials with CDK4/6 inhibitors and ET reporting PFS2 or TTC of HR+/HER2- pre- or postmenopausal metastatic breast cancer. We also reviewed abstracts and presentations from all major conference proceedings. We calculated the pooled hazard ratios (HR) for PFS2 and TTC using random-effects models with 95% confidence intervals (CI). I2 was used to quantify heterogeneity between results of the studies. Results: Eight studies (MONALEESA-2/3/7, MONARCH-2/3, PALOMA-1/2/3) were included in this analysis (N = 4580 patients). PFS2 benefit was observed in patients who received CDK4/6 inhibitors plus ET (pooled HR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.62-0.74, I2 = 0%) and also a delay in subsequent TTC (pooled HR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.60-0.71, I2 = 0%). A benefit in terms of PFS (pooled HR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.51-0.59, I2 = 0%) and overall survival (pooled HR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.69-0.84, I2 = 0%) was also observed. Conclusions: CDK4/6 inhibitors plus ET compared with ET alone improve PFS2 and TTC. The delay of chemotherapy may postpone the start of a more toxic treatment option, delaying related toxicities and potentially maintaining a better quality of life for patients, for a longer time. The benefit in PFS2 may postpone the onset of endocrine resistance and help further validate this treatment approach.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
CDK4/6 inhibitors; endocrine therapy; ER-positive/HER2-negative; metastatic breast cancer; PFS2; TTC;
English
Munzone, E., Pagan, E., Bagnardi, V., Montagna, E., Cancello, G., Dellapasqua, S., et al. (2021). Systematic review and meta-analysis of post-progression outcomes in ER+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer after CDK4/6 inhibitors within randomized clinical trials. ESMO OPEN, 6(6) [10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100332].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/338996
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