The Middle–Upper Triassic Aghdarband Basin, NE Iran, consists of a strongly deformed marine and non-marine stratigraphic succession, deposited along the southern margin of Asia in a highly complex tectonic context related to a back-arc setting. The youngest deformed units of the Aghdarband area consist of a rather monotonous sequence of brown-colored shales, with intercalations of siltstones and fine-grained sandstones forming the Miankuhi Formation. The shale-dominated Miankuhi Formation rests on an unconformity surface, separating it from the underlying Sina Formation. A multidisciplinary study based on sedimentological, palynological, and paleobotanical data permits to reconstruct the depositional environments, sedimentary evolution, and paleoclimate conditions of the upper Sina and the lowermost Miankuhi formations. The palynological association of the lowermost part of the Miankuhi Formation yielded sporomorphs of the latest early Carnian to early late Carnian age. Qualitative and quantitative analyses document a shift from xerophytic associations in the upper Ladinian (upper Sina Formation) to hygrophytic assemblages in the Carnian (lower Miankuhi Formation). This increase in hygrophytic elements is also observed in coeval Tethyan outcrops at the same latitudinal belt, suggests a more humid climate in the lower part of the Miankuhi Formation, and correlates this part of the succession with a record of the Carnian Pluvial Episode. The sedimentological and stratigraphical analyses show an evolution from prodelta to delta setting in the upper Sina Formation, then an unconformity enhanced by an interval of fluvial deposits with histosol levels in the basal Miankuhi Formation, in correspondence with the hygrophytic assemblages. The unconformable boundary between the Miankuhi and the Sina formations is, consequently, interpreted as a result of the sea-level fall associated with the humid climate shift, occurring in close association with the first effects of the Eo-Cimmerian Orogeny along the suture zone, taking to a regional reorganization of the basins architecture and the end of volcanic activity in the back-arc region. The main deformations related to the Eo-Cimmerian event thus, correspond in the Aghdarband Basin to the tectonic event that deformed the Miankuhi Formation. This event is probably older than the middle Norian (217.1 ± 1.7 Ma) but younger than the late Carnian, testifying to a diachronicity in the record of collision along the Iranian Cimmerian blocks and Southern Laurasia according to the different considered structural positions.

Mazaheri-Johari, M., Roghi, G., Caggiati, M., Kustatscher, E., Ghasemi-Nejad, E., Zanchi, A., et al. (2022). Disentangling climate signal from tectonic forcing: The Triassic Aghdarband Basin (Turan Domain, Iran). PALAEOGEOGRAPHY, PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY, PALAEOECOLOGY, 586(15 January 2022), 1-21 [10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110777].

Disentangling climate signal from tectonic forcing: The Triassic Aghdarband Basin (Turan Domain, Iran)

Zanchi, A
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

The Middle–Upper Triassic Aghdarband Basin, NE Iran, consists of a strongly deformed marine and non-marine stratigraphic succession, deposited along the southern margin of Asia in a highly complex tectonic context related to a back-arc setting. The youngest deformed units of the Aghdarband area consist of a rather monotonous sequence of brown-colored shales, with intercalations of siltstones and fine-grained sandstones forming the Miankuhi Formation. The shale-dominated Miankuhi Formation rests on an unconformity surface, separating it from the underlying Sina Formation. A multidisciplinary study based on sedimentological, palynological, and paleobotanical data permits to reconstruct the depositional environments, sedimentary evolution, and paleoclimate conditions of the upper Sina and the lowermost Miankuhi formations. The palynological association of the lowermost part of the Miankuhi Formation yielded sporomorphs of the latest early Carnian to early late Carnian age. Qualitative and quantitative analyses document a shift from xerophytic associations in the upper Ladinian (upper Sina Formation) to hygrophytic assemblages in the Carnian (lower Miankuhi Formation). This increase in hygrophytic elements is also observed in coeval Tethyan outcrops at the same latitudinal belt, suggests a more humid climate in the lower part of the Miankuhi Formation, and correlates this part of the succession with a record of the Carnian Pluvial Episode. The sedimentological and stratigraphical analyses show an evolution from prodelta to delta setting in the upper Sina Formation, then an unconformity enhanced by an interval of fluvial deposits with histosol levels in the basal Miankuhi Formation, in correspondence with the hygrophytic assemblages. The unconformable boundary between the Miankuhi and the Sina formations is, consequently, interpreted as a result of the sea-level fall associated with the humid climate shift, occurring in close association with the first effects of the Eo-Cimmerian Orogeny along the suture zone, taking to a regional reorganization of the basins architecture and the end of volcanic activity in the back-arc region. The main deformations related to the Eo-Cimmerian event thus, correspond in the Aghdarband Basin to the tectonic event that deformed the Miankuhi Formation. This event is probably older than the middle Norian (217.1 ± 1.7 Ma) but younger than the late Carnian, testifying to a diachronicity in the record of collision along the Iranian Cimmerian blocks and Southern Laurasia according to the different considered structural positions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Carnian Pluvial Episode; Cimmerian Orogeny; Kopeh-Dagh; Miankuhi formation; Palynology;
English
Mazaheri-Johari, M., Roghi, G., Caggiati, M., Kustatscher, E., Ghasemi-Nejad, E., Zanchi, A., et al. (2022). Disentangling climate signal from tectonic forcing: The Triassic Aghdarband Basin (Turan Domain, Iran). PALAEOGEOGRAPHY, PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY, PALAEOECOLOGY, 586(15 January 2022), 1-21 [10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110777].
Mazaheri-Johari, M; Roghi, G; Caggiati, M; Kustatscher, E; Ghasemi-Nejad, E; Zanchi, A; Gianolla, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/338795
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