The embryotoxicity of 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), an extensively used herbicide, has been evaluated and compared to that of phenol and chlorocresol (two common contaminants) with a bioassay that makes use of embryos of the amphibian Xenopus. The MCPA-Na salt used in the bioassay was purified by crystallization and acid-base purification methods, and the concentrations of phenol and chlorocresol were checked by high-performance liquid chromotography. The relationship between the concentration of the tested molecule and the outcomes (i.e., mortality and malformations) was investigated using different models (probit, legit, and complementary log-log). The resulting LC50s for MCPA, chlorocresol, and phenol are 3,607, 13, and 178 mg/L, respectively; the resulting LC10s are 1,526, 6, and 32 mg/L. It is evident that the real MCPA toxicity can be masked by the presence of contaminants much more toxic than the molecule studied. Moreover, our results show that the three chemicals do not present a high teratogenic risk. Growth retardation shows that MCPA, chlorocresol, and phenol are effective at concentrations as low as 2,000, 2.5, and 25 mg/L, respectively

Bernardini, G., Spinelli, O., Presutti, C., Vismara, C., Bolzacchini, E., Orlandi, M., et al. (1996). Evaluation of the developmental toxicity of the pesticide MCPA and its contaminants phenol and chlorocresol. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, 15(5), 754-760 [10.1897/1551-5028(1996)015<0754:EOTDTO>2.3.CO;2].

Evaluation of the developmental toxicity of the pesticide MCPA and its contaminants phenol and chlorocresol

BOLZACCHINI, EZIO;ORLANDI, MARCO EMILIO;
1996

Abstract

The embryotoxicity of 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), an extensively used herbicide, has been evaluated and compared to that of phenol and chlorocresol (two common contaminants) with a bioassay that makes use of embryos of the amphibian Xenopus. The MCPA-Na salt used in the bioassay was purified by crystallization and acid-base purification methods, and the concentrations of phenol and chlorocresol were checked by high-performance liquid chromotography. The relationship between the concentration of the tested molecule and the outcomes (i.e., mortality and malformations) was investigated using different models (probit, legit, and complementary log-log). The resulting LC50s for MCPA, chlorocresol, and phenol are 3,607, 13, and 178 mg/L, respectively; the resulting LC10s are 1,526, 6, and 32 mg/L. It is evident that the real MCPA toxicity can be masked by the presence of contaminants much more toxic than the molecule studied. Moreover, our results show that the three chemicals do not present a high teratogenic risk. Growth retardation shows that MCPA, chlorocresol, and phenol are effective at concentrations as low as 2,000, 2.5, and 25 mg/L, respectively
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
embryotoxic; teratogen; herbicide; Xenopus; embryo
English
1996
15
5
754
760
none
Bernardini, G., Spinelli, O., Presutti, C., Vismara, C., Bolzacchini, E., Orlandi, M., et al. (1996). Evaluation of the developmental toxicity of the pesticide MCPA and its contaminants phenol and chlorocresol. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, 15(5), 754-760 [10.1897/1551-5028(1996)015<0754:EOTDTO>2.3.CO;2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/33678
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