Background: Accurate measurements of the aortic annulus and root are important for guiding therapeutic decisions regarding the need for aortic surgery. Current echocardiographic guidelines for identification of aortic root dilatation are limited because current normative values were derived predominantly from white individuals in narrow age ranges, and based partially on M-mode measurements. Using data from the World Alliance Societies of Echocardiography study, the authors sought to establish normal ranges of aortic dimensions across sexes, races, and a wide range of ages. Methods: Adult individuals free of heart, lung, and kidney disease were prospectively enrolled from 15 countries, with even distributions among sexes and age groups: young (18–40 years), middle aged (41–65 years) and old (>65 years). Transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiograms of 1,585 subjects (mean age, 47 ± 17 years; 50.4% men; mean body surface area [BSA], 1.77 ± 0.22 m2) were analyzed in a core laboratory following American Society of Echocardiography guidelines. Measurements, indexed separately by BSA and by height, included the aortic annulus, sinuses of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction. Differences among age, sex, and racial groups were evaluated using unpaired two-tailed Student's t tests. Results: All aortic root dimensions were larger in men compared with women. After indexing to BSA, all measured dimensions were significantly larger in women, whereas men continued to show larger dimensions after indexing to height. Of note, the upper limits of normal for all aortic dimensions were lower across all age groups, compared with the guidelines. Aortic dimensions were larger in older age groups in both sexes, a trend that persisted regardless of BSA or height adjustment. Last, differences in aortic dimensions were also observed according to race: Asians had the smallest nonindexed aortic dimensions at all levels. Conclusions: There are significant differences in aortic dimensions according to sex, age, and race. Thus, current guideline-recommended normal ranges may need to be adjusted to account for these differences.

Patel, H., Miyoshi, T., Addetia, K., Citro, R., Daimon, M., Gutierrez Fajardo, P., et al. (2022). Normal Values of Aortic Root Size According to Age, Sex, and Race: Results of the World Alliance of Societies of Echocardiography Study. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 35(3 (March 2022)), 267-274 [10.1016/j.echo.2021.09.011].

Normal Values of Aortic Root Size According to Age, Sex, and Race: Results of the World Alliance of Societies of Echocardiography Study

Muraru, Denisa;
2022

Abstract

Background: Accurate measurements of the aortic annulus and root are important for guiding therapeutic decisions regarding the need for aortic surgery. Current echocardiographic guidelines for identification of aortic root dilatation are limited because current normative values were derived predominantly from white individuals in narrow age ranges, and based partially on M-mode measurements. Using data from the World Alliance Societies of Echocardiography study, the authors sought to establish normal ranges of aortic dimensions across sexes, races, and a wide range of ages. Methods: Adult individuals free of heart, lung, and kidney disease were prospectively enrolled from 15 countries, with even distributions among sexes and age groups: young (18–40 years), middle aged (41–65 years) and old (>65 years). Transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiograms of 1,585 subjects (mean age, 47 ± 17 years; 50.4% men; mean body surface area [BSA], 1.77 ± 0.22 m2) were analyzed in a core laboratory following American Society of Echocardiography guidelines. Measurements, indexed separately by BSA and by height, included the aortic annulus, sinuses of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction. Differences among age, sex, and racial groups were evaluated using unpaired two-tailed Student's t tests. Results: All aortic root dimensions were larger in men compared with women. After indexing to BSA, all measured dimensions were significantly larger in women, whereas men continued to show larger dimensions after indexing to height. Of note, the upper limits of normal for all aortic dimensions were lower across all age groups, compared with the guidelines. Aortic dimensions were larger in older age groups in both sexes, a trend that persisted regardless of BSA or height adjustment. Last, differences in aortic dimensions were also observed according to race: Asians had the smallest nonindexed aortic dimensions at all levels. Conclusions: There are significant differences in aortic dimensions according to sex, age, and race. Thus, current guideline-recommended normal ranges may need to be adjusted to account for these differences.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
2D echocardiography; Aorta; Aortic root dimensions;
English
267
274
8
Patel, H., Miyoshi, T., Addetia, K., Citro, R., Daimon, M., Gutierrez Fajardo, P., et al. (2022). Normal Values of Aortic Root Size According to Age, Sex, and Race: Results of the World Alliance of Societies of Echocardiography Study. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 35(3 (March 2022)), 267-274 [10.1016/j.echo.2021.09.011].
Patel, H; Miyoshi, T; Addetia, K; Citro, R; Daimon, M; Gutierrez Fajardo, P; Kasliwal, R; Kirkpatrick, J; Monaghan, M; Muraru, D; Ogunyankin, K; Park, S; Ronderos, R; Sadeghpour, A; Scalia, G; Takeuchi, M; Tsang, W; Tucay, E; Tude Rodrigues, A; Amuthan, V; Zhang, Y; Schreckenberg, M; Blankenhagen, M; Degel, M; Hitschrich, N; Mor-Avi, V; Asch, F; Lang, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/333087
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