Background: Up to 50% of motor neuron disease (MND) patients show neuropsychological deficits which negatively affect prognosis and care. However, disability-related logistical issues and uneven geographical coverage of healthcare services may prevent MND patients from accessing neuropsychological evaluations. This study thus aimed to standardize for the Italian population the ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen-Phone Version (ALS-CBS™-PhV), an MND-specific, telephone-based screening for frontotemporal dysfunction. Methods: The cognitive section of the ALS-CBS™-PhV, the Italian telephone-based Mini-Mental State Examination (Itel-MMSE), and the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) was administered to 359 healthy individuals (143 males, 216 females; age, 52.7 ± 15.8; education, 13.1 ± 4.4). Norms were derived through equivalent scores. Validity, factorial structure, reliability, diagnostic accuracy, and item difficulty and discrimination were examined. Statistical equivalence between the telephone-based and in-person versions was tested. Results: ALS-CBS™-PhV measures were predicted by age and education. The ALS-CBS™-PhV reflected a mono-component structure, converged with Itel-MMSE and TICS scores (rs =.23–.51) and was equivalent to its in-person format (t =.37; p =.72). Good internal (Cronbach’s α =.61), test–retest (ICC =.69), and inter-rater (ICC =.96) reliability was detected. High accuracy was found when tested against both the Itel-MMSE and the TICS (AUC =.82–89). Backward digit span items were the most discriminative. Discussion: The ALS-CBS™-PhV is a statistically solid screening test for frontotemporal disorders featuring MND. Its standardization allows for (1) improvements in tele-healthcare for MND patients, (2) epidemiological applications, and (3) effective assessments in decentralized clinical trials. The ALS-CBS™-PhV can be also suitable for assessing bedridden and visually impaired patients with motor disorders.

Aiello, E., Esposito, A., Giannone, I., Diana, L., Woolley, S., Murphy, J., et al. (2022). ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen-Phone Version (ALS-CBS™-PhV): norms, psychometrics, and diagnostics in an Italian population sample. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 43(4), 2571-2578 [10.1007/s10072-021-05636-x].

ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen-Phone Version (ALS-CBS™-PhV): norms, psychometrics, and diagnostics in an Italian population sample

Aiello, Edoardo Nicolò
;
Diana, Lorenzo;Tremolizzo, Lucio;Bolognini, Nadia;Appollonio, Ildebrando
2022

Abstract

Background: Up to 50% of motor neuron disease (MND) patients show neuropsychological deficits which negatively affect prognosis and care. However, disability-related logistical issues and uneven geographical coverage of healthcare services may prevent MND patients from accessing neuropsychological evaluations. This study thus aimed to standardize for the Italian population the ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen-Phone Version (ALS-CBS™-PhV), an MND-specific, telephone-based screening for frontotemporal dysfunction. Methods: The cognitive section of the ALS-CBS™-PhV, the Italian telephone-based Mini-Mental State Examination (Itel-MMSE), and the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) was administered to 359 healthy individuals (143 males, 216 females; age, 52.7 ± 15.8; education, 13.1 ± 4.4). Norms were derived through equivalent scores. Validity, factorial structure, reliability, diagnostic accuracy, and item difficulty and discrimination were examined. Statistical equivalence between the telephone-based and in-person versions was tested. Results: ALS-CBS™-PhV measures were predicted by age and education. The ALS-CBS™-PhV reflected a mono-component structure, converged with Itel-MMSE and TICS scores (rs =.23–.51) and was equivalent to its in-person format (t =.37; p =.72). Good internal (Cronbach’s α =.61), test–retest (ICC =.69), and inter-rater (ICC =.96) reliability was detected. High accuracy was found when tested against both the Itel-MMSE and the TICS (AUC =.82–89). Backward digit span items were the most discriminative. Discussion: The ALS-CBS™-PhV is a statistically solid screening test for frontotemporal disorders featuring MND. Its standardization allows for (1) improvements in tele-healthcare for MND patients, (2) epidemiological applications, and (3) effective assessments in decentralized clinical trials. The ALS-CBS™-PhV can be also suitable for assessing bedridden and visually impaired patients with motor disorders.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cognitive screening; Frontotemporal degeneration; Motor neuron disease; Normative data; Psychometrics; Telephone-based;
English
2-ott-2021
2022
43
4
2571
2578
none
Aiello, E., Esposito, A., Giannone, I., Diana, L., Woolley, S., Murphy, J., et al. (2022). ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen-Phone Version (ALS-CBS™-PhV): norms, psychometrics, and diagnostics in an Italian population sample. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 43(4), 2571-2578 [10.1007/s10072-021-05636-x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/329505
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