We explore the thermal evolution of a neutron star undergoing episodes of intense accretion, separated by long periods of quiescence. By using an exact cooling code, we follow in detail the flow of heat in the star due to the time-dependent accretion-induced heating from pycnonuclear reactions in the stellar crust, to the surface photon emission, and to the neutrino cooling. These models allow us to study the neutron stars of the soft Xray transients. In agreement with recent work of Brown, Bildsten, & Rutledge, we conclude that the soft component of the quiescent luminosity of Aql X-1, of 4U 1608-522, and of the recently discovered SAX J1808.4 can be understood as thermal emission from a cooling neutron star with negligible neutrino emission. However, we show that, in the case of Cen X-4, despite its long recurrence time, strong neutrino emission from the neutron star inner core is necessary to understand the observed low ratio of quiescent to outburst luminosity. This result implies that the neutron star in Cen X-4 is heavier than the one in the other systems and the pairing critical temperature in its center must be low enough (well below 10(9) K) to avoid a strong suppression of the neutrino T-c emission.

Colpi, M., Geppert, U., Page, D., & Possenti, A. (2001). Charting the temperature of the hot neutron star in a soft X-ray transient. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 548(2), L175-L178.

Charting the temperature of the hot neutron star in a soft X-ray transient

COLPI, MONICA;
2001

Abstract

We explore the thermal evolution of a neutron star undergoing episodes of intense accretion, separated by long periods of quiescence. By using an exact cooling code, we follow in detail the flow of heat in the star due to the time-dependent accretion-induced heating from pycnonuclear reactions in the stellar crust, to the surface photon emission, and to the neutrino cooling. These models allow us to study the neutron stars of the soft Xray transients. In agreement with recent work of Brown, Bildsten, & Rutledge, we conclude that the soft component of the quiescent luminosity of Aql X-1, of 4U 1608-522, and of the recently discovered SAX J1808.4 can be understood as thermal emission from a cooling neutron star with negligible neutrino emission. However, we show that, in the case of Cen X-4, despite its long recurrence time, strong neutrino emission from the neutron star inner core is necessary to understand the observed low ratio of quiescent to outburst luminosity. This result implies that the neutron star in Cen X-4 is heavier than the one in the other systems and the pairing critical temperature in its center must be low enough (well below 10(9) K) to avoid a strong suppression of the neutrino T-c emission.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
dense matter; stars : individual (4U 1608-522, Aquila X-1; Centaurus X-4, EXO 0748-676, Rapid Burster 1730-335, SAX J1808.4-3658); stars : neutron; X rays : stars
English
L175
L178
Colpi, M., Geppert, U., Page, D., & Possenti, A. (2001). Charting the temperature of the hot neutron star in a soft X-ray transient. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 548(2), L175-L178.
Colpi, M; Geppert, U; Page, D; Possenti, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/326096
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