Urban areas are major contributors to the alteration of the local atmospheric and groundwater environment. The impact of such changes on the groundwater thermal regime is documented worldwide by elevated groundwater temperature in city centers with respect to the surrounding rural areas. This study investigates the subsurface urban heat island (SUHI) in the aquifers beneath the Milan city area in northern Italy, and assesses the natural and anthropogenic controls on groundwater temperatures within the urban area by analyzing groundwater head and temperature records acquired in the 2016–2020 period. This analysis demonstrates the occurrence of a SUHI with up to 3 °C intensity and reveals a correlation between the density of building/subsurface infrastructures and the mean annual groundwater temperature. Vertical heat fluxes to the aquifer are strongly related to the depth of the groundwater and the density of surface structures and infrastructures. The heat accumulation in the subsurface is reflected by a constant groundwater warming trend between +0.1 and + 0.4 °C/year that leads to a gain of 25 MJ/m2 of thermal energy per year in the shallow aquifer inside the SUHI area. Future monitoring of groundwater temperatures, combined with numerical modeling of coupled groundwater flow and heat transport, will be essential to reveal what this trend is controlled by and to make predictions on the lateral and vertical extent of the groundwater SUHI in the study area.
Previati, A., & Crosta, G. (2021). Characterization of the subsurface urban heat island and its sources in the Milan city area, Italy. HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL [10.1007/s10040-021-02387-z].
|Citazione:||Previati, A., & Crosta, G. (2021). Characterization of the subsurface urban heat island and its sources in the Milan city area, Italy. HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL [10.1007/s10040-021-02387-z].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Characterization of the subsurface urban heat island and its sources in the Milan city area, Italy|
|Autori:||Previati, A; Crosta, G|
PREVIATI, ALBERTO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-021-02387-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|