Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems in the world. The diversity of life found in the habitats created by corals is so large that the reefs are known as the “rainforests of the sea.” Unfortunately, severe natural and anthropogenic changes such as ocean warming, acidification, coral diseases, and plastic pollution are extremely detrimental to this ecosystem. To enrich the ambient conditions of the corals and boost their growth, the potential of two biocomposites is evaluated based on biodegradable polyurethane and silicone matrices as scaffolds for the growth of oceanic organisms. Furthermore, their degradation is investigated within the coral reefs of Faafu Atoll, Republic of Maldives. The observations indicate that there are a significant number of organisms that settle and grow on these biocomposites in the Maldivian lagoon, both of an animal and photosynthetic nature. The biocomposites have the potential to become suitable scaffolds for diverse hard bottom fouling organisms. Moreover, the presence of coral larvae on the biocomposites suggests that during their biodegradation, these biocomposites can support the growth of organisms, generating a suitable environment for triggering the birth of new corals.

Contardi, M., Montano, S., Galli, P., Mazzon, G., Mah'd Moh'd Ayyoub, A., Seveso, D., et al. (2021). Marine Fouling Characteristics of Biocomposites in a Coral Reef Ecosystem. ADVANCED SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS [10.1002/adsu.202100089].

Marine Fouling Characteristics of Biocomposites in a Coral Reef Ecosystem

Contardi M.
;
Montano S.
;
Galli P.;Seveso D.;Saliu F.;Maggioni D.;
2021

Abstract

Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems in the world. The diversity of life found in the habitats created by corals is so large that the reefs are known as the “rainforests of the sea.” Unfortunately, severe natural and anthropogenic changes such as ocean warming, acidification, coral diseases, and plastic pollution are extremely detrimental to this ecosystem. To enrich the ambient conditions of the corals and boost their growth, the potential of two biocomposites is evaluated based on biodegradable polyurethane and silicone matrices as scaffolds for the growth of oceanic organisms. Furthermore, their degradation is investigated within the coral reefs of Faafu Atoll, Republic of Maldives. The observations indicate that there are a significant number of organisms that settle and grow on these biocomposites in the Maldivian lagoon, both of an animal and photosynthetic nature. The biocomposites have the potential to become suitable scaffolds for diverse hard bottom fouling organisms. Moreover, the presence of coral larvae on the biocomposites suggests that during their biodegradation, these biocomposites can support the growth of organisms, generating a suitable environment for triggering the birth of new corals.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
biocomposites; biodegradable materials; coral restoration;
English
15-lug-2021
2021
2100089
open
Contardi, M., Montano, S., Galli, P., Mazzon, G., Mah'd Moh'd Ayyoub, A., Seveso, D., et al. (2021). Marine Fouling Characteristics of Biocomposites in a Coral Reef Ecosystem. ADVANCED SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS [10.1002/adsu.202100089].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/321765
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