This paper examines the effect of a high school student's relative position in the class achievement distribution on school violence. We identify this effect by exploiting idiosyncratic differences in the distribution of earlier academic achievement across classes. Such differences generate quasi-random variation in rank for students with the same initial achievement. We consider distinct types of school violence, namely, verbal, relational and physical violence. We find that rank negatively affects both the probability and frequency of perpetrating school violence for all the specific types of violence considered. The effect size is economically significant, especially in the case of physical violence. We find that rank is less or not effective in reducing physical violence for migrants and for students attending lower-quality schools and living in high-crime areas; this finding is consistent with the lower perceived opportunity cost associated with misbehavior among disadvantaged students in low-quality schools and located in violent local contexts.
Comi, S., Origo, F., Pagani, L., & Tonello, M. (2021). Last and furious: Relative position and school violence. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION, 188(August 2021), 736-756 [10.1016/j.jebo.2021.05.026].
|Citazione:||Comi, S., Origo, F., Pagani, L., & Tonello, M. (2021). Last and furious: Relative position and school violence. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION, 188(August 2021), 736-756 [10.1016/j.jebo.2021.05.026].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Last and furious: Relative position and school violence|
|Autori:||Comi, S; Origo, F; Pagani, L; Tonello, M|
COMI, SIMONA LORENA (Corresponding)
PAGANI, LAURA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2021.05.026|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|