We studied a nationwide Swedish cohort with 654,957 women who had 1,003,489 deliveries from 1987 through September 1995 to assess late pregnancy and puerperal risks of circulatory diseases. We used standardized incidence rate ratios to calculate relative risks [with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)]. Compared with unexposed (nonpregnant and early pregnant) women, relative risks of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during the third trimester were 6.7 (95% CI = 5.7--7.8) and 2.7 (95% CI = 1.7--4.2), respectively. Around delivery (from 2 days before to 1 day after delivery), the relative risks of all assessed circulatory diseases were dramatically increased: venous thrombosis, 115.1 (95% CI = 96.4--137.0); pulmonary embolism, 80.7 (95% CI = 53.9--117.9); subarachnoid hemorrhage, 46.9 (95% CI = 19.3--98.4); intracerebral hemorrhage, 95.0 (95% CI = 42.1--194.8); cerebral infarction, 33.8 (95% CI = 10.5--84.0); and myocardial infarction, 27.0 (95% CI = 0.6--180.0). During the rest of the first 6 weeks postpartum, the risks declined but were still substantially increased for all diseases, with the exception of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The results suggest that the increased risk for circulatory diseases related to pregnancy is mainly confined to a few days around delivery.

Salonen Ros, H., Lichtenstein, P., Bellocco, R., Petersson, G., & Cnattingius, S. (2001). Increased risks of circulatory diseases in late pregnancy and puerperium. EPIDEMIOLOGY, 12(4), 456-60.

Increased risks of circulatory diseases in late pregnancy and puerperium

BELLOCCO, RINO;
2001-07

Abstract

We studied a nationwide Swedish cohort with 654,957 women who had 1,003,489 deliveries from 1987 through September 1995 to assess late pregnancy and puerperal risks of circulatory diseases. We used standardized incidence rate ratios to calculate relative risks [with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)]. Compared with unexposed (nonpregnant and early pregnant) women, relative risks of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during the third trimester were 6.7 (95% CI = 5.7--7.8) and 2.7 (95% CI = 1.7--4.2), respectively. Around delivery (from 2 days before to 1 day after delivery), the relative risks of all assessed circulatory diseases were dramatically increased: venous thrombosis, 115.1 (95% CI = 96.4--137.0); pulmonary embolism, 80.7 (95% CI = 53.9--117.9); subarachnoid hemorrhage, 46.9 (95% CI = 19.3--98.4); intracerebral hemorrhage, 95.0 (95% CI = 42.1--194.8); cerebral infarction, 33.8 (95% CI = 10.5--84.0); and myocardial infarction, 27.0 (95% CI = 0.6--180.0). During the rest of the first 6 weeks postpartum, the risks declined but were still substantially increased for all diseases, with the exception of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The results suggest that the increased risk for circulatory diseases related to pregnancy is mainly confined to a few days around delivery.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Pregnancy Complications; Humans; Myocardial Ischemia; Stroke; Vascular Diseases; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; Adult; Cohort Studies; Incidence; Venous Thrombosis; Middle Aged; Postpartum Period; Adolescent; Female
English
Salonen Ros, H., Lichtenstein, P., Bellocco, R., Petersson, G., & Cnattingius, S. (2001). Increased risks of circulatory diseases in late pregnancy and puerperium. EPIDEMIOLOGY, 12(4), 456-60.
Salonen Ros, H; Lichtenstein, P; Bellocco, R; Petersson, G; Cnattingius, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/31725
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