Aims Intense health-care service use and high mortality are common in heart failure (HF) patients. This secondary analysis of the MOTIVATE-HF trial investigates the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in reducing health-care service use (e.g. emergency service use and hospitalizations) and all-cause mortality.Methods and results This study used a randomized controlled trial. Patients and caregivers were randomized to Arm 1 (MI for patients), Arm 2 (MI for patients and caregivers), or Arm 3 (control group). Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Face-to-face MI plus three telephone calls were performed in Arms 1 and 2. The sample consisted of 510 patient (median age 74 years, 58% male patients) and caregiver dyads (median age 55 years, 75% female patients). At 12 months, 16.1%, 17%, and 11.2% of patients used health-care services at least once in Arms 1, 2, and 3, respectively, without significant difference. At 3 months, 1.9%, 0.6%, and 5.1% of patients died in Arms 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Mortality was lower in Arm 2 vs. Arm 3 at 3 months [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.112, 95% CI: 0.014-0.882, P = 0.04]; no difference was found at subsequent follow-ups. Mortality was lower in Arm 1 vs. Arm 3 at 3 months but did not reach statistical significance (HR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.104-1.414, P = 0.15).Conclusion This study suggests that MI reduces mortality in patients with HF if caregivers are included in the intervention. Further studies with a stronger intervention and longer follow-up are needed to clarify the benefits of MI on health-care service use and mortality.

Iovino, P., Rebora, P., Occhino, G., Zeffiro, V., Caggianelli, G., Ausili, D., et al. (2021). Effectiveness of motivational interviewing on health-service use and mortality: a secondary outcome analysis of the MOTIVATE-HF trial. ESC HEART FAILURE, 8(4), 2920-2927 [10.1002/ehf2.13373].

Effectiveness of motivational interviewing on health-service use and mortality: a secondary outcome analysis of the MOTIVATE-HF trial

Rebora P.
Secondo
;
Occhino G.;Ausili D.;
2021

Abstract

Aims Intense health-care service use and high mortality are common in heart failure (HF) patients. This secondary analysis of the MOTIVATE-HF trial investigates the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in reducing health-care service use (e.g. emergency service use and hospitalizations) and all-cause mortality.Methods and results This study used a randomized controlled trial. Patients and caregivers were randomized to Arm 1 (MI for patients), Arm 2 (MI for patients and caregivers), or Arm 3 (control group). Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Face-to-face MI plus three telephone calls were performed in Arms 1 and 2. The sample consisted of 510 patient (median age 74 years, 58% male patients) and caregiver dyads (median age 55 years, 75% female patients). At 12 months, 16.1%, 17%, and 11.2% of patients used health-care services at least once in Arms 1, 2, and 3, respectively, without significant difference. At 3 months, 1.9%, 0.6%, and 5.1% of patients died in Arms 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Mortality was lower in Arm 2 vs. Arm 3 at 3 months [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.112, 95% CI: 0.014-0.882, P = 0.04]; no difference was found at subsequent follow-ups. Mortality was lower in Arm 1 vs. Arm 3 at 3 months but did not reach statistical significance (HR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.104-1.414, P = 0.15).Conclusion This study suggests that MI reduces mortality in patients with HF if caregivers are included in the intervention. Further studies with a stronger intervention and longer follow-up are needed to clarify the benefits of MI on health-care service use and mortality.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Health service use; Heart failure; Hospitalization; Mortality; Motivational interviewing; Randomized controlled trial;
English
4-giu-2021
2021
8
4
2920
2927
none
Iovino, P., Rebora, P., Occhino, G., Zeffiro, V., Caggianelli, G., Ausili, D., et al. (2021). Effectiveness of motivational interviewing on health-service use and mortality: a secondary outcome analysis of the MOTIVATE-HF trial. ESC HEART FAILURE, 8(4), 2920-2927 [10.1002/ehf2.13373].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/316964
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