The prevalence of essential arterial hypertension in children and adolescents has grown considerably in the last few decades, making this disease a major clinical problem in the pediatric age. The pathogenesis of arterial hypertension is multifactorial, with one of the components being represented by incorrect eating habits. In particular, excessive salt and sugar intake can contribute to the onset of hypertension in children, particularly in subjects with excess weight. Babies have an innate predisposition for sweet taste, while that for salty taste manifests after a few weeks. The recent modification of dietary styles and the current very wide availability of salt and sugar has led to an exponential increase in the consumption of these two nutrients. The dietary intake of salt and sugar in children is in fact much higher than that recommended by health agen-cies. The purpose of this review is to explore the mechanisms via which an excessive dietary intake of salt and sugar can contribute to the onset of arterial hypertension in children and to show the most important clinical studies that demonstrate the association between these two nutrients and arterial hypertension in pediatric age. Correct eating habits are essential for the prevention and nondrug treatment of essential hypertension in children and adolescents.

Genovesi, S., Giussani, M., Orlando, A., Orgiu, F., Parati, G. (2021). Salt and sugar: Two enemies of healthy blood pressure in children. NUTRIENTS, 13(2), 1-15 [10.3390/nu13020697].

Salt and sugar: Two enemies of healthy blood pressure in children

Genovesi S.
Primo
;
Parati G.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The prevalence of essential arterial hypertension in children and adolescents has grown considerably in the last few decades, making this disease a major clinical problem in the pediatric age. The pathogenesis of arterial hypertension is multifactorial, with one of the components being represented by incorrect eating habits. In particular, excessive salt and sugar intake can contribute to the onset of hypertension in children, particularly in subjects with excess weight. Babies have an innate predisposition for sweet taste, while that for salty taste manifests after a few weeks. The recent modification of dietary styles and the current very wide availability of salt and sugar has led to an exponential increase in the consumption of these two nutrients. The dietary intake of salt and sugar in children is in fact much higher than that recommended by health agen-cies. The purpose of this review is to explore the mechanisms via which an excessive dietary intake of salt and sugar can contribute to the onset of arterial hypertension in children and to show the most important clinical studies that demonstrate the association between these two nutrients and arterial hypertension in pediatric age. Correct eating habits are essential for the prevention and nondrug treatment of essential hypertension in children and adolescents.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Children; Fructose; Hypertension; Obesity; Salt; Sodium; Uric acid;
English
22-feb-2021
2021
13
2
1
15
697
open
Genovesi, S., Giussani, M., Orlando, A., Orgiu, F., Parati, G. (2021). Salt and sugar: Two enemies of healthy blood pressure in children. NUTRIENTS, 13(2), 1-15 [10.3390/nu13020697].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/316925
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