Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) and non-exhaust particles from abrasion are two main representative sources of air pollution to which humans are exposed daily, together with emerging nanomaterials, whose emission is increasing considerably. In the present work, we aimed to investigate whether DEPs, metal oxide nanoparticles (MeO-NPs), and their mixtures could affect alveolar cells. The research was focused on whether NPs induced different types of death in cells, and on their effects on cell motility and migration. Autophagy and cell cycles were investigated via cytofluorimetric analyses, through the quantification of the autophagic biomarker LC3B and PI staining, respectively. Cellular ultrastructures were then observed via TEM. Changes in cell motility and migration were assessed via transwell migration assay, and by the cytofluorimetric analysis of E-cadherin expression. A colony-forming efficiency (CFE) assay was performed in order to investigate the interactions between cells inside the colonies, and to see how these interactions change after exposure to the single particles or their mixtures. The results obtained suggest that NPs can either reduce the toxicity of DEPs (CuO) or enhance it (ZnO), through a mechanism that may involve autophagy as cells’ response to stressors and as a consequence of particles’ cellular uptake. Moreover, NPs can induce modification of E-cadherin expression and, consequentially, of colonies’ phenotypes.

Zerboni, A., Bengalli, R., Fiandra, L., Catelani, T., Mantecca, P. (2021). Cellular mechanisms involved in the combined toxic effects of diesel exhaust and metal oxide nanoparticles. NANOMATERIALS, 11(6) [10.3390/nano11061437].

Cellular mechanisms involved in the combined toxic effects of diesel exhaust and metal oxide nanoparticles

Zerboni A.
Primo
;
Bengalli R.
Secondo
;
Fiandra L.;Catelani T.;Mantecca P.
2021

Abstract

Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) and non-exhaust particles from abrasion are two main representative sources of air pollution to which humans are exposed daily, together with emerging nanomaterials, whose emission is increasing considerably. In the present work, we aimed to investigate whether DEPs, metal oxide nanoparticles (MeO-NPs), and their mixtures could affect alveolar cells. The research was focused on whether NPs induced different types of death in cells, and on their effects on cell motility and migration. Autophagy and cell cycles were investigated via cytofluorimetric analyses, through the quantification of the autophagic biomarker LC3B and PI staining, respectively. Cellular ultrastructures were then observed via TEM. Changes in cell motility and migration were assessed via transwell migration assay, and by the cytofluorimetric analysis of E-cadherin expression. A colony-forming efficiency (CFE) assay was performed in order to investigate the interactions between cells inside the colonies, and to see how these interactions change after exposure to the single particles or their mixtures. The results obtained suggest that NPs can either reduce the toxicity of DEPs (CuO) or enhance it (ZnO), through a mechanism that may involve autophagy as cells’ response to stressors and as a consequence of particles’ cellular uptake. Moreover, NPs can induce modification of E-cadherin expression and, consequentially, of colonies’ phenotypes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Autophagy; Colony-forming efficiency; Diesel exhaust particles; Metal oxide; Mixtures; Nanoparticles;
English
Zerboni, A., Bengalli, R., Fiandra, L., Catelani, T., Mantecca, P. (2021). Cellular mechanisms involved in the combined toxic effects of diesel exhaust and metal oxide nanoparticles. NANOMATERIALS, 11(6) [10.3390/nano11061437].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/316590
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