Hexarelin, a synthetic hexapeptide, exerts cyto-protective effects at the mitochondrial level in cardiac and skeletal muscles, both in vitro and in vivo, may also have important neuroprotective bioactivities. This study examined the inhibitory effects of hexarelin on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis in Neuro-2A cells. Neuro-2A cells were treated for 24 h with various concentrations of H2O2 or with the combination of H2O2 and hexarelin following which cell viability and nitrite (NO2-) release were measured. Cell morphology was also documented throughout and changes arising were quantified using Image J skeleton and fractal analysis procedures. Apoptotic responses were evaluated by Real-Time PCR (caspase-3, caspase-7, Bax, and Bcl-2 mRNA levels) and Western Blot (cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-7, MAPK, and Akt). Our results indicate that hexarelin effectively antagonized H2O2-induced damage to Neuro-2A cells thereby (i) improving cell viability, (ii) reducing NO2- release and (iii) restoring normal morphologies. Hexarelin treatment also reduced mRNA levels of caspase-3 and its activation, and modulated mRNA levels of the BCL-2 family. Moreover, hexarelin inhibited MAPKs phosphorylation and increased p-Akt protein expression. In conclusion, our results demonstrate neuroprotective and anti-apoptotic effects of hexarelin, suggesting that new analogues could be developed for their neuroprotective effects.
Meanti, R., Rizzi, L., Bresciani, E., Molteni, L., Locatelli, V., Coco, S., et al. (2021). Hexarelin modulation of mapk and pi3k/akt pathways in neuro-2a cells inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptotic toxicity. PHARMACEUTICALS, 14(5).
|Citazione:||Meanti, R., Rizzi, L., Bresciani, E., Molteni, L., Locatelli, V., Coco, S., et al. (2021). Hexarelin modulation of mapk and pi3k/akt pathways in neuro-2a cells inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptotic toxicity. PHARMACEUTICALS, 14(5).|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Hexarelin modulation of mapk and pi3k/akt pathways in neuro-2a cells inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptotic toxicity|
|Autori:||Meanti, R; Rizzi, L; Bresciani, E; Molteni, L; Locatelli, V; Coco, S; Omeljaniuk, R; Torsello, A|
BRESCIANI, ELENA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ph14050444|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|