Background and aims: Problematic smartphone use (PSU) has been described as a growing public health issue. In the current study, we aimed to provide a unique and comprehensive test of the pathway model of PSU. This model posits three distinct developmental pathways leading to PSU: (1) the excessive reassurance pathway, (2) the impulsive pathway and (3) the extraversion pathway.Methods: Undergraduate students (n = 795, 69.8% female, mean age = 23.80 years, sd = 3.02) completed online self-report measures of PSU (addictive use, antisocial use and dangerous use) and the psychological features (personality traits and psychopathological symptoms) underlying the three pathways.Results: Bayesian analyses revealed that addictive use is mainly driven by the excessive reassurance pathway and the impulsive pathway, for which candidate etiopathological factors include heightened negative urgency, a hyperactive behavioural inhibition system and symptoms of social anxiety. Dangerous and antisocial use are mainly driven by the impulsive pathway and the extraversion pathway, for which candidate etiopathological factors include specific impulsivity components (lack of premeditation and sensation seeking) and primary psychopathy (inclination to lie, lack of remorse, callousness and manipulativeness).Discussion and conclusions: The present study constitutes the first comprehensive test of the pathway model of PSU. We provide robust and original results regarding the psychological dimensions associated with each of the postulated pathways of PSU, which should be taken into account when considering regulation of smartphone use or tailoring prevention protocols to reduce problematic usage patterns.
Canale, N., Moretta, T., Pancani, L., Buodo, G., Vieno, A., Dalmaso, M., et al. (2021). A test of the pathway model of problematic smartphone use. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS.
|Citazione:||Canale, N., Moretta, T., Pancani, L., Buodo, G., Vieno, A., Dalmaso, M., et al. (2021). A test of the pathway model of problematic smartphone use. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||A test of the pathway model of problematic smartphone use|
|Autori:||Canale, N; Moretta, T; Pancani, L; Buodo, G; Vieno, A; Dalmaso, M; Billieux, J|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.2020.00103|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|