Thrombotic complications are common in COVID-19 patients, but cerebral venous system involvement, timing after infection, optimal treatment, and long-term outcome are uncertain. We report a case of massive cerebral venous thrombosis and concomitant internal iliac vein thrombosis occurring in the late phase of paucisymptomatic COVID-19 infection. Mild respiratory symptoms, without fever, started 3 weeks before headache and acute neurological deficits. The patient had silent hypoxemia and typical COVID-19 associated interstitial pneumonia. Brain CT scan showed a left parietal hypodense lesion with associated sulcal subarachnoid hemorrhage. CT cerebral venography showed a massive cerebral venous thrombosis involving the right transverse sinus, the right jugular bulb, the superior sagittal sinus, the straight sinus, the vein of Galen, and both internal cerebral veins. Abdominal CT scan showed no malignancy but revealed an asymptomatic right internal iliac vein thrombosis. Both cerebral venous thrombosis and pelvic vein thrombosis were effectively treated with unfractionated heparin started on the day of admission, then shifted to low molecular weight heparin, with a favorable clinical course. Nasopharyngel swab, repeated twice, tested negative for SARS-CoV-2. Serological tests confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our case supports active surveillance and prevention of thrombotic complications associated with COVID-19, which may affect both peripheral and cerebral venous system. Early initiation of unfractionated heparin may lead to good neurologic outcome.

Beretta, S., Da Re, F., Francioni, V., Remida, P., Storti, B., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2021). Case Report: Concomitant Massive Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Internal Iliac Vein Thrombosis Related to Paucisymptomatic COVID-19 Infection. FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY, 12(12) [10.3389/fneur.2021.622130].

Case Report: Concomitant Massive Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Internal Iliac Vein Thrombosis Related to Paucisymptomatic COVID-19 Infection

Beretta, Simone
Primo
;
Da Re, Fulvio
Secondo
;
Francioni, Valentina;Storti, Benedetta;Fumagalli, Lorenzo;Piatti, Maria Luisa;Santoro, Patrizia;Cereda, Diletta;Cutellè, Claudia;Pirro, Fiammetta;Beretta, Francesca;Appollonio, Ildebrando
Penultimo
;
Ferrarese, Carlo
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Thrombotic complications are common in COVID-19 patients, but cerebral venous system involvement, timing after infection, optimal treatment, and long-term outcome are uncertain. We report a case of massive cerebral venous thrombosis and concomitant internal iliac vein thrombosis occurring in the late phase of paucisymptomatic COVID-19 infection. Mild respiratory symptoms, without fever, started 3 weeks before headache and acute neurological deficits. The patient had silent hypoxemia and typical COVID-19 associated interstitial pneumonia. Brain CT scan showed a left parietal hypodense lesion with associated sulcal subarachnoid hemorrhage. CT cerebral venography showed a massive cerebral venous thrombosis involving the right transverse sinus, the right jugular bulb, the superior sagittal sinus, the straight sinus, the vein of Galen, and both internal cerebral veins. Abdominal CT scan showed no malignancy but revealed an asymptomatic right internal iliac vein thrombosis. Both cerebral venous thrombosis and pelvic vein thrombosis were effectively treated with unfractionated heparin started on the day of admission, then shifted to low molecular weight heparin, with a favorable clinical course. Nasopharyngel swab, repeated twice, tested negative for SARS-CoV-2. Serological tests confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our case supports active surveillance and prevention of thrombotic complications associated with COVID-19, which may affect both peripheral and cerebral venous system. Early initiation of unfractionated heparin may lead to good neurologic outcome.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
anticoagulation; cerebral venous thrombosis; COVID-19; internal iliac vein thrombosis; thromboinflammation;
English
Beretta, S., Da Re, F., Francioni, V., Remida, P., Storti, B., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2021). Case Report: Concomitant Massive Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Internal Iliac Vein Thrombosis Related to Paucisymptomatic COVID-19 Infection. FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY, 12(12) [10.3389/fneur.2021.622130].
Beretta, S; Da Re, F; Francioni, V; Remida, P; Storti, B; Fumagalli, L; Piatti, M; Santoro, P; Cereda, D; Cutellè, C; Pirro, F; Montisano, D; Beretta, F; Pasini, F; Cavallero, A; Appollonio, I; Ferrarese, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/306575
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