Objective: Epilepsy with onset in the adulthood is an increasing health problem, due to the progressive aging of the worldwide population. Whether the causes remain undetermined, the disease is defined as Late-Onset Epilepsy of Unknown origin (LOEU). The aim of this study was to evaluate the semiological, electroencephalographic, metabolic, and neuropsychological features of LOEU. Methods: We selected patients with late-onset epilepsy (LOE) (≥55 years), whose causes of the disease have been excluded with a deep clinical-instrumental characterization, including brain MRI, EEG, 18F-labeled fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and neuropsychological assessment. Results: Twenty-three LOEU cases were retrospectively recruited. Half presented focal-onset seizures (FOS), the others focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (FBTCS). All demonstrated a mild phenotype, with no recurrence of seizures on single antiseizure treatment at prolonged follow-up. Brain MRI scans were normal in 12 patients (52.3%) and showed nonspecific gliosis or mild atrophy in ten (43.5%); hippocampal sclerosis (HS) was observed in one. In 17/23 (73.9%), the EEG showed slow and/or epileptiform activity of the temporal areas. Brain FDG-PET revealed temporal lobe hypometabolism, mostly ipsilateral to EEG abnormal activity, or multifocal temporal and extra-temporal (cortical, subcortical and subtentorial) clusters of hypometabolism. The neuropsychological analysis demonstrated three different profiles: normal (43.5%), with focal deficits (39.1%) or mild multidomain impairment (17.4%). Significance: Late-Onset Epilepsy of Unknown origin can present as FOS or FBTCS, both with good prognosis. The application of metabolic imaging and neurophysiology techniques in these patients points to the dysfunction of the temporal structures, whose role in the pathogenetic process of the disease remains to be clarified.
DiFrancesco, J., Isella, V., Licciardo, D., Crivellaro, C., Musarra, M., Guerra, L., et al. (2021). Temporal lobe dysfunction in late-onset epilepsy of unknown origin. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, 117(April 2021) [10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.107839].
|Citazione:||DiFrancesco, J., Isella, V., Licciardo, D., Crivellaro, C., Musarra, M., Guerra, L., et al. (2021). Temporal lobe dysfunction in late-onset epilepsy of unknown origin. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, 117(April 2021) [10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.107839].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Temporal lobe dysfunction in late-onset epilepsy of unknown origin|
|Autori:||DiFrancesco, J; Isella, V; Licciardo, D; Crivellaro, C; Musarra, M; Guerra, L; Salvadori, N; Chipi, E; Calvello, C; Costa, C; Ferrarese, C|
ISELLA, VALERIA (Corresponding)
FERRARESE, CARLO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.107839|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|