OBJECTIVE: Few studies investigated the role of different predictors of advanced liver fibrosis in unselected populations. Here, we estimate the prevalence of steatosis and fibrosis in the general United States population by means of transient elastography and evaluate the impact of blood pressure (BP) and diabetes on disease severity.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of United States adults participating in the 2017-2018 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Participants underwent a transient elastography examination, and liver steatosis and fibrosis were estimated through the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) score and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), respectively.RESULTS: Four thousand, three hundred and seventy-one participants had reliable transient elastography and BP readings. Steatosis (CAP ≥ 248 dB/m), advanced fibrosis (LSM ≥ 9.6 kPa) and cirrhosis (LSM ≥ 13 kPa) were present in 56.9, 5.5 and 2.9% of participants, respectively. After controlling for potential confounders, risk of steatosis increased proportionally going from participants with optimal (reference) to those with normal [odds ratio (OR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.86], high normal (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.97) and elevated BP (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.21-2.21), whereas no significant association was found between BP status and liver fibrosis. Conversely, presence of diabetes increased the risk of both steatosis (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.49-3.11) and advanced fibrosis (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.36-3.72).CONCLUSION: Liver steatosis and fibrosis are highly prevalent in the multiethnic United States adult population, raising concerns for future incidence of cirrhosis and its complications. BP status was associated with a progressively higher risk of steatosis, whereas obesity and diabetes were consistently associated with both steatosis and fibrosis.
Ciardullo, S., Monti, T., Grassi, G., Mancia, G., & Perseghin, G. (2021). Blood pressure, glycemic status and advanced liver fibrosis assessed by transient elastography in the general United States population. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION.
|Citazione:||Ciardullo, S., Monti, T., Grassi, G., Mancia, G., & Perseghin, G. (2021). Blood pressure, glycemic status and advanced liver fibrosis assessed by transient elastography in the general United States population. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Blood pressure, glycemic status and advanced liver fibrosis assessed by transient elastography in the general United States population|
|Autori:||Ciardullo, S; Monti, T; Grassi, G; Mancia, G; Perseghin, G|
CIARDULLO, STEFANO (Primo)
PERSEGHIN, GIANLUCA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002835|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|