The aim of this study is the application of support vector machines (SVM) to landslide susceptibility mapping. SVM are a set of machine learning methods in which model capacity matches data complexity. The research is based on a conceptual framework targeted to apply and test all the procedural steps for landslide susceptibility modeling from model selection, to investigation of predictive variables, from empirical cross-validation of results, to analysis of predicted patterns. SVM were successfully applied and the final susceptibility map was interpreted via success and prediction rate curves and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, to support the modeling results and assess the robustness of the model. SVM appeared to be very specific learners, able to discriminate between the informative input and random noise. About 78% of occurrences was identified within the 20% of the most susceptible study area for the cross-validation set. Then the final susceptibility map was compared with other maps, addressed by different statistical approaches, commonly used in susceptibility mapping, such as logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis, and naive Bayes classifier. The SVM procedure was found feasible and able to outperform other techniques in terms of accuracy and generalization capacity. The over-performance of SVM against the other techniques was around 18% for the cross-validation set, considering the 20% of the most susceptible area. Moreover, by analyzing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, SVM appeared to be less prone to false positives than the other models. The study was applied in the Staffora river basin (Lombardy, Northern Italy), an area of about 275 km 2 characterized by a very high density of landslides, mainly superficial slope failures triggered by intense rainfall events.

Ballabio, C., Sterlacchini, S. (2012). Support Vector Machines for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: the Staffora River Basin Case Study, Italy. MATHEMATICAL GEOSCIENCES, 44(1), 47-70 [10.1007/s11004-011-9379-9].

Support Vector Machines for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: the Staffora River Basin Case Study, Italy

BALLABIO, CRISTIANO
;
2012

Abstract

The aim of this study is the application of support vector machines (SVM) to landslide susceptibility mapping. SVM are a set of machine learning methods in which model capacity matches data complexity. The research is based on a conceptual framework targeted to apply and test all the procedural steps for landslide susceptibility modeling from model selection, to investigation of predictive variables, from empirical cross-validation of results, to analysis of predicted patterns. SVM were successfully applied and the final susceptibility map was interpreted via success and prediction rate curves and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, to support the modeling results and assess the robustness of the model. SVM appeared to be very specific learners, able to discriminate between the informative input and random noise. About 78% of occurrences was identified within the 20% of the most susceptible study area for the cross-validation set. Then the final susceptibility map was compared with other maps, addressed by different statistical approaches, commonly used in susceptibility mapping, such as logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis, and naive Bayes classifier. The SVM procedure was found feasible and able to outperform other techniques in terms of accuracy and generalization capacity. The over-performance of SVM against the other techniques was around 18% for the cross-validation set, considering the 20% of the most susceptible area. Moreover, by analyzing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, SVM appeared to be less prone to false positives than the other models. The study was applied in the Staffora river basin (Lombardy, Northern Italy), an area of about 275 km 2 characterized by a very high density of landslides, mainly superficial slope failures triggered by intense rainfall events.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cross-validation; Landslide susceptibility mapping; Spatial prediction; Support Vector Machines
English
47
70
24
Ballabio, C., Sterlacchini, S. (2012). Support Vector Machines for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: the Staffora River Basin Case Study, Italy. MATHEMATICAL GEOSCIENCES, 44(1), 47-70 [10.1007/s11004-011-9379-9].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/30573
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