Real-time neural spike detection is an important step in understanding neurological activities and developing brain-silicon interfaces. Recent approaches exploit minimally invasive sensing techniques based on implanted complementary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS) multi transistors arrays (MTAs) that limit the damage of the neural tissue and provide high spatial resolution. Unfortunately, MTAs result in low signal-to-noise ratios due to the weak capacitive coupling between the nearby neurons and the sensor and the high noise power coming from the analog front-end. In this paper we investigate the performance achievable by using spike detection algorithms for MTAs, based on some variants of the smoothed non-linear energy operator (SNEO). We show that detection performance benefits from the correlation of the signals detected by the MTA pixels, but degrades when a high firing rate of neurons occurs. We present and compare different approaches and noise estimation techniques for the SNEO, aimed at increasing the detection accuracy at low SNR and making it less dependent on neurons firing rates. The algorithms are tested by using synthetic neural signals obtained with a modified version of NEUROCUBE generator. The proposed approaches outperform the SNEO, showing a more than 20% increase on averaged sensitivity at 0 dB and reduced dependence on the neuronal firing rate.

Saggese, G., Tambaro, M., Vallicelli, E., Strollo, A., Vassanelli, S., Baschirotto, A., et al. (2021). Comparison of sneo-based neural spike detection algorithms for implantable multi-transistor array biosensors. ELECTRONICS, 10(4), 1-17 [10.3390/electronics10040410].

Comparison of sneo-based neural spike detection algorithms for implantable multi-transistor array biosensors

Vallicelli E. A.;Baschirotto A.;De Matteis M.
2021

Abstract

Real-time neural spike detection is an important step in understanding neurological activities and developing brain-silicon interfaces. Recent approaches exploit minimally invasive sensing techniques based on implanted complementary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS) multi transistors arrays (MTAs) that limit the damage of the neural tissue and provide high spatial resolution. Unfortunately, MTAs result in low signal-to-noise ratios due to the weak capacitive coupling between the nearby neurons and the sensor and the high noise power coming from the analog front-end. In this paper we investigate the performance achievable by using spike detection algorithms for MTAs, based on some variants of the smoothed non-linear energy operator (SNEO). We show that detection performance benefits from the correlation of the signals detected by the MTA pixels, but degrades when a high firing rate of neurons occurs. We present and compare different approaches and noise estimation techniques for the SNEO, aimed at increasing the detection accuracy at low SNR and making it less dependent on neurons firing rates. The algorithms are tested by using synthetic neural signals obtained with a modified version of NEUROCUBE generator. The proposed approaches outperform the SNEO, showing a more than 20% increase on averaged sensitivity at 0 dB and reduced dependence on the neuronal firing rate.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Brain-silicon interface; Digital signal processing; Low power; Neuroscience; Noise estimators; Spike detection;
English
1
17
17
Saggese, G., Tambaro, M., Vallicelli, E., Strollo, A., Vassanelli, S., Baschirotto, A., et al. (2021). Comparison of sneo-based neural spike detection algorithms for implantable multi-transistor array biosensors. ELECTRONICS, 10(4), 1-17 [10.3390/electronics10040410].
Saggese, G; Tambaro, M; Vallicelli, E; Strollo, A; Vassanelli, S; Baschirotto, A; De Matteis, M
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/304506
Citazioni
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
Social impact