PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the results of studies of the effects of dialysis and kidney transplantation on the autonomic nervous system alterations that occur in chronic kidney disease.RECENT FINDINGS: Vagal control of the heart mediated by arterial baroreceptors is altered early in the course of the renal disease. Sympathetic activation occurs, with increases in resting heart rate, venous plasma norepinephrine levels, muscle sympathetic nerve traffic, and other indirect indices of adrenergic drive. The magnitude of the changes reflects the clinical severity of the kidney disease. Both the sympathetic and parasympathetic alterations have a reflex origin, depending on the impairment in baroreflex and cardiopulmonary reflex control of the cardiovascular system. These alterations are partially reversed during acute hemodialysis, but the responses are variable depending on the specific type of dialytic treatment that is employed. Renal transplantation improves reflex cardiovascular control, resulting in sympathoinhibition following renal transplantation if the native kidneys are removed. Sympathoinhibitory effects have been also reported in renal failure patients after bilateral renal denervation. Assessment of autonomic nervous system responses to dialysis and renal transplantation provides information of clinical interest, given the evidence that autonomic alterations are involved in the development and progression of cardiovascular complications, as well as in the prognosis of chronic kidney disease.
Quarti-Trevano, F., Seravalle, G., Dell'Oro, R., Mancia, G., & Grassi, G. (2021). Autonomic Cardiovascular Alterations in Chronic Kidney Disease: Effects of Dialysis, Kidney Transplantation, and Renal Denervation. CURRENT HYPERTENSION REPORTS, 23(2) [10.1007/s11906-021-01129-6].
|Citazione:||Quarti-Trevano, F., Seravalle, G., Dell'Oro, R., Mancia, G., & Grassi, G. (2021). Autonomic Cardiovascular Alterations in Chronic Kidney Disease: Effects of Dialysis, Kidney Transplantation, and Renal Denervation. CURRENT HYPERTENSION REPORTS, 23(2) [10.1007/s11906-021-01129-6].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Review Essay|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Autonomic Cardiovascular Alterations in Chronic Kidney Disease: Effects of Dialysis, Kidney Transplantation, and Renal Denervation|
|Autori:||Quarti-Trevano, F; Seravalle, G; Dell'Oro, R; Mancia, G; Grassi, G|
QUARTI TREVANO, FOSCA ANNA LUISA (Primo)
SERAVALLE, GINO LUCIANO (Secondo)
GRASSI, GUIDO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||CURRENT HYPERTENSION REPORTS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11906-021-01129-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|