Amyloid aggregation of human ataxin-3 (ATX3) is responsible for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, which belongs to the class of polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. It is widely accepted that the formation of toxic oligomeric species is primarily involved in the onset of the disease. For this reason, to understand the mechanisms underlying toxicity, we expressed both a physiological (ATX3-Q24) and a pathological ATX3 variant (ATX3-Q55) in a simplified cellular model, Escherichia coli. It has been observed that ATX3-Q55 expression induces a higher reduction of the cell growth compared to ATX3-Q24, due to the bacteriostatic effect of the toxic oligomeric species. Furthermore, the Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy investigation, supported by multivariate analysis, made it possible to monitor protein aggregation and the induced cell perturbations in intact cells. In particular, it has been found that the toxic oligomeric species associated with the expression of ATX3-Q55 are responsible for the main spectral changes, ascribable mainly to the cell envelope modifications. A structural alteration of the membrane detected through electron microscopy analysis in the strain expressing the pathological form supports the spectroscopic results.

Ami, D., Sciandrone, B., Mereghetti, P., Falvo, J., Catelani, T., Visentin, C., et al. (2021). Pathological atx3 expression induces cell perturbations in e. Coli as revealed by biochemical and biophysical investigations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 22(2), 1-21 [10.3390/ijms22020943].

Pathological atx3 expression induces cell perturbations in e. Coli as revealed by biochemical and biophysical investigations

Ami D.;Sciandrone B.;Catelani T.;Visentin C.;Tortora P.;Natalello A.
;
Regonesi M. E.
2021

Abstract

Amyloid aggregation of human ataxin-3 (ATX3) is responsible for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, which belongs to the class of polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. It is widely accepted that the formation of toxic oligomeric species is primarily involved in the onset of the disease. For this reason, to understand the mechanisms underlying toxicity, we expressed both a physiological (ATX3-Q24) and a pathological ATX3 variant (ATX3-Q55) in a simplified cellular model, Escherichia coli. It has been observed that ATX3-Q55 expression induces a higher reduction of the cell growth compared to ATX3-Q24, due to the bacteriostatic effect of the toxic oligomeric species. Furthermore, the Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy investigation, supported by multivariate analysis, made it possible to monitor protein aggregation and the induced cell perturbations in intact cells. In particular, it has been found that the toxic oligomeric species associated with the expression of ATX3-Q55 are responsible for the main spectral changes, ascribable mainly to the cell envelope modifications. A structural alteration of the membrane detected through electron microscopy analysis in the strain expressing the pathological form supports the spectroscopic results.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Amyloids; Ataxin-3 expression; Escherichia coli; FTIR microspectroscopy; Multivariate analysis; Oligomer toxicity; Protein aggregation;
English
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Ami, D., Sciandrone, B., Mereghetti, P., Falvo, J., Catelani, T., Visentin, C., et al. (2021). Pathological atx3 expression induces cell perturbations in e. Coli as revealed by biochemical and biophysical investigations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 22(2), 1-21 [10.3390/ijms22020943].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/302689
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