Chemosensory communication is known as an effective way to influence the human emotion system. Phenomena like food selection or motivation, based on chemical signals, present a unique pathway between chemosensory and emotion systems. Human chemosignals (i.e. sweat) which are produced during different emotional states contain associated distinctive odors and are able to induce same emotions in other people. For instance, sweat is known as a social chemosignal participating in social interaction. Chemosignal perception engages a distributed neural network which has not been well characterized yet. In this paper, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural circuits underlying social emotional chemosignal processing. Chemosignals associated with disgust and neutral conditions were used to induce specific emotional states in fMRI participants during a healthy food judgement. We performed fMRI analysis with the aim of detecting active areas in the brain, followed by a dynamic causal modeling (DCM) analysis. fMRI analysis revealed functional activity in the fusiform face area (FFA), amygdala (AMG) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). In order to determine the effective connectivity among these regions as a result of emotional chemosignal processing, a set of dynamic causal models is proposed. Estimating parameters of the proposed models shows that social chemosignals modulate the connections between FFA, AMG and OFC. The results indicate that social chemosignals of disgust converge on orbitofrontal cortex - an area which is a critical region for object appraisal and valuation - after first influencing fusiform face area and amygdala.
Saideh, F., Ognibene, D., Tom, F., Vahid, A., Wen, L., & Luca, C. (2020). Human Chemosignals Modulate Interactions Between Social and Emotional Brain Areas. In Proceedings - IEEE 20th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, BIBE 2020 (pp.513-518).
|Citazione:||Saideh, F., Ognibene, D., Tom, F., Vahid, A., Wen, L., & Luca, C. (2020). Human Chemosignals Modulate Interactions Between Social and Emotional Brain Areas. In Proceedings - IEEE 20th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, BIBE 2020 (pp.513-518).|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Human Chemosignals Modulate Interactions Between Social and Emotional Brain Areas|
|Autori:||Saideh, F; Ognibene, D; Tom, F; Vahid, A; Wen, L; Luca, C|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Nome del convegno:||2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE) 26-28 October|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02 - Intervento a convegno|