The present study contributes to the literature by examining the association between personal values (PVs), assessed with the Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire, and empathy, assessed with the Davis’ Interpersonal Reactivity Index, in a sample of first-year medical students. We also examined medical students’ PVs profile and gender differences in terms of PVs. All participants (N = 398) were Italian, young (average age = 19.62 years, SD = 1.22), and unmarried; none had children. Zero-order correlations and hierarchical multiple regression models were performed to verify the association between PVs and empathy; in contrast, t-tests were run to explore gender differences in scoring on PVs. Benevolence and Universalism correlated positively with both the emotional and cognitive dimensions of empathy, whereas Power, Achievement, Hedonism, and Security were negatively associated with empathy. The three most important PVs in the whole sample were Benevolence, Self-Direction, and Universalism. Male medical students outscored their female counterparts on Power, Achievement, and Hedonism, whereas female students outscored the males on Benevolence, Universalism, Conformity, and Tradition. Our findings highlight the importance of fostering self-transcending PVs and discouraging self-enhancing PVs in medical students during the early years of medical school, as a means of supporting other-oriented responses such as empathy in future doctors.
Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Bani, M., & Strepparava, M. (2021). Personal values as early predictors of emotional and cognitive empathy among medical students. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY.
|Citazione:||Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Bani, M., & Strepparava, M. (2021). Personal values as early predictors of emotional and cognitive empathy among medical students. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Personal values as early predictors of emotional and cognitive empathy among medical students|
|Autori:||Ardenghi, S; Rampoldi, G; Bani, M; Strepparava, M|
ARDENGHI, STEFANO (Primo)
STREPPARAVA, MARIA GRAZIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01373-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|
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