Purpose: High-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer (HGS-EOC) is defined by high levels of somatic copy-number alterations (SCNA) with marked spatial and temporal tumor heterogeneity. Biomarkers serving to monitor drug response and detect disease recurrence are lacking, a fact which reflects an unmet clinical need. Experimental Design: A total of 185 plasma samples and 109 matched tumor biopsies were collected from 46 patients with HGS-EOC, and analyzed by shallow whole-genome sequencing (sWGS). The percentage of tumor fraction (TF) in the plasma was used to study the biological features of the disease at the time of diagnosis (T0) and correlated with patients' survival. Longitudinal analysis of TF was correlated with CA-125 levels and radiological images to monitor disease recurrence. Results: Gain in the clonal regions, 3q26.2 and 8q24.3, was observed in the 87.8% and 78.05% of plasma samples, suggesting that plasmas WGS mirrors solid biopsies. AtT0, multivariate analysis revealed that plasma TF levels were an independent prognostic marker of relapse (P < 0.022). After platinum (Pt)-based treatment, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis showed a change in the heterogeneous pattern of genomic amplification, including an increased frequency of amplification, compared with before Ptbased treatment in the 19p31.11 and 19q13.42 regions. TF in serially collected ctDNA samples outperformed CA-125 in anticipating clinical and radiological progression by 240 days (range, 37-491). Conclusions: Our results support the notion that sWGS is an inexpensive and useful tool for the genomic analysis of ctDNA in patients with HGS-EOC to monitor disease evolution and to anticipate relapse better than serum CA-125, the routinely used clinical biomarker.

Paracchini, L., Beltrame, L., Grassi, T., Inglesi, A., Fruscio, R., Landoni, F., et al. (2021). Genome-wide Copy-number Alterations in Circulating Tumor DNA as a Novel Biomarker for Patients with High-grade Serous Ovarian Cancer. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 27(9), 2549-2560 [10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-3345].

Genome-wide Copy-number Alterations in Circulating Tumor DNA as a Novel Biomarker for Patients with High-grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

Grassi, Tommaso;Fruscio, Robert;Landoni, Fabio;Ippolito, Davide;Delle Marchette, Martina;Paderno, Mariachiara;Adorni, Marco;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: High-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer (HGS-EOC) is defined by high levels of somatic copy-number alterations (SCNA) with marked spatial and temporal tumor heterogeneity. Biomarkers serving to monitor drug response and detect disease recurrence are lacking, a fact which reflects an unmet clinical need. Experimental Design: A total of 185 plasma samples and 109 matched tumor biopsies were collected from 46 patients with HGS-EOC, and analyzed by shallow whole-genome sequencing (sWGS). The percentage of tumor fraction (TF) in the plasma was used to study the biological features of the disease at the time of diagnosis (T0) and correlated with patients' survival. Longitudinal analysis of TF was correlated with CA-125 levels and radiological images to monitor disease recurrence. Results: Gain in the clonal regions, 3q26.2 and 8q24.3, was observed in the 87.8% and 78.05% of plasma samples, suggesting that plasmas WGS mirrors solid biopsies. AtT0, multivariate analysis revealed that plasma TF levels were an independent prognostic marker of relapse (P < 0.022). After platinum (Pt)-based treatment, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis showed a change in the heterogeneous pattern of genomic amplification, including an increased frequency of amplification, compared with before Ptbased treatment in the 19p31.11 and 19q13.42 regions. TF in serially collected ctDNA samples outperformed CA-125 in anticipating clinical and radiological progression by 240 days (range, 37-491). Conclusions: Our results support the notion that sWGS is an inexpensive and useful tool for the genomic analysis of ctDNA in patients with HGS-EOC to monitor disease evolution and to anticipate relapse better than serum CA-125, the routinely used clinical biomarker.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Ovarian cancer;
English
15-dic-2020
2021
27
9
2549
2560
none
Paracchini, L., Beltrame, L., Grassi, T., Inglesi, A., Fruscio, R., Landoni, F., et al. (2021). Genome-wide Copy-number Alterations in Circulating Tumor DNA as a Novel Biomarker for Patients with High-grade Serous Ovarian Cancer. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 27(9), 2549-2560 [10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-3345].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/300516
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