Background and Purpose: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/plasma albumin ratio (QAlb) is believed to reflect the integrity of the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Recently, we reported that QAlb is lower in females. This may be important for uptake of neurotoxic 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OH) by the brain in particular because plasma levels of 27OH are higher in males. We studied sex differences in the relation between CSF and plasma levels of 27OH and its major metabolite 7α-hydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholestenoic acid (7HOCA) with QAlb. We tested the possibility of sex differences in the brain metabolism of 27OH and if its flux into the brain disrupted integrity of the BBB. Experimental Approach: We have examined our earlier studies looking for sex differences in CSF levels of oxysterols and their relation to QAlb. We utilized an in vitro model for the BBB with primary cultured brain endothelial cells to test if 27OH has a disruptive effect on this barrier. We measured mRNA and protein levels of CYP7B1 in autopsy brain samples. Key Results: The correlation between CSF levels of 27OH and QAlb was higher in males whereas, with 7HOCA, the correlation was higher in females. No significant sex difference in the expression of CYP7B1 mRNA in brain autopsy samples. A correlation was found between plasma levels of 27OH and QAlb. No support was obtained for the hypothesis that plasma levels of 27OH have a disruptive effect on the BBB. Conclusions and Implications: The sex differences are discussed in relation to negative effects of 27OH on different brain functions. LINKED ARTICLES: This article is part of a themed issue on Oxysterols, Lifelong Health and Therapeutics. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v178.16/issuetoc.
Parrado‐Fernandez, C., Leoni, V., Saeed, A., Rodriguez‐Rodriguez, P., Sandebring‐Matton, A., Beldad‐Cordoba, C., et al. (2021). Sex‐difference in flux of 27‐hydroxycholesterol in the brain. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 178(16 (August 2021)), 3194-3204 [10.1111/bph.15353].
|Citazione:||Parrado‐Fernandez, C., Leoni, V., Saeed, A., Rodriguez‐Rodriguez, P., Sandebring‐Matton, A., Beldad‐Cordoba, C., et al. (2021). Sex‐difference in flux of 27‐hydroxycholesterol in the brain. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 178(16 (August 2021)), 3194-3204 [10.1111/bph.15353].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Sex‐difference in flux of 27‐hydroxycholesterol in the brain|
|Autori:||Parrado‐Fernandez, C; Leoni, V; Saeed, A; Rodriguez‐Rodriguez, P; Sandebring‐Matton, A; Beldad‐Cordoba, C; Bueno, P; Gali, C; Panzenboeck, U; Cedazo‐Minguez, A; Björkhem, I|
LEONI, VALERIO (Co-primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.15353|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|