In the current cosmological model, only the three lightest elements were created in the first few minutes after the Big Bang; all other elements were produced later in stars. To date, however, heavy elements have been observed in all astrophysical environments. We report the detection of two gas clouds with no discernible elements heavier than hydrogen. These systems exhibit the lowest heavy-element abundance in the early universe, and thus are potential fuel for the most metal-poor halo stars. The detection of deuterium in one system at the level predicted by primordial nucleosynthesis provides a direct confirmation of the standard cosmological model. The composition of these clouds further implies that the transport of heavy elements from galaxies to their surroundings is highly inhomogeneous.

Fumagalli, M., O'Meara, J., & Prochaska, J. (2011). Detection of pristine gas two billion years after the big bang. SCIENCE, 334(6060), 1245-1249 [10.1126/science.1213581].

Detection of pristine gas two billion years after the big bang

Fumagalli M.
;
2011

Abstract

In the current cosmological model, only the three lightest elements were created in the first few minutes after the Big Bang; all other elements were produced later in stars. To date, however, heavy elements have been observed in all astrophysical environments. We report the detection of two gas clouds with no discernible elements heavier than hydrogen. These systems exhibit the lowest heavy-element abundance in the early universe, and thus are potential fuel for the most metal-poor halo stars. The detection of deuterium in one system at the level predicted by primordial nucleosynthesis provides a direct confirmation of the standard cosmological model. The composition of these clouds further implies that the transport of heavy elements from galaxies to their surroundings is highly inhomogeneous.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
metalicity; IGM; deuterium; cosmology;
English
1245
1249
5
Fumagalli, M., O'Meara, J., & Prochaska, J. (2011). Detection of pristine gas two billion years after the big bang. SCIENCE, 334(6060), 1245-1249 [10.1126/science.1213581].
Fumagalli, M; O'Meara, J; Prochaska, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/297850
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