Background: The treatment with recombinant human growth hormone in patients affected by Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is considered whenever a concurrent diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency is demonstrated. The short- and long-term effects of recombinant human growth hormone in this selected cohort is still debated, given the natural progression of disease-related skeletal malformations and the paucity of treated patients reported in literature. The presented case series provides detailed information about the response to recombinant growth hormone in MPS patients diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency. Cases presentation: The growth patterns of 4 MPS female patients (current age: 11.7-14.3 years) treated with recombinant human growth hormone due to growth hormone deficiency have been retrospectively analyzed. Two patients, diagnosed with MPS IH, had undergone haematopoietic stem cell transplantation at an early age; the remaining two patients were affected by MPS IV and VI and were treated with enzyme replacement therapy. 4/4 patients presented with a progressive growth deceleration before the diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency was confirmed. This trend was initially reverted by a remarkable increase in height velocity after the start of recombinant growth hormone. We recorded an average increase in height velocity z-score of + 4.23 ± 2.9 and + 4.55 ± 0.96 respectively after 6 and 12 months of treatment. After the first 12-24 months, growth showed a deceleration in all the patients. While in a girl with MPS IH recombinant human growth hormone was discontinued due to a lack in clinical efficacy, 3/4 patients grew at a stable pace, tracking the height centile achieved after the cited initial increase in height velocity. Furthermore, mineral bone density assessed via bone densitometry, showed a remarkable increase in the two patients who were tested before and after starting treatment. Conclusions: Recombinant human growth hormone appears to have effectively reverted the growth deceleration experienced by MPS patients diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency, at least during the first 12-24 months of treatment.
Cattoni, A., Motta, S., Masera, N., Gasperini, S., Rovelli, A., & Parini, R. (2019). The use of recombinant human growth hormone in patients with Mucopolysaccharidoses and growth hormone deficiency: A case series. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 45(1) [10.1186/s13052-019-0691-1].
|Citazione:||Cattoni, A., Motta, S., Masera, N., Gasperini, S., Rovelli, A., & Parini, R. (2019). The use of recombinant human growth hormone in patients with Mucopolysaccharidoses and growth hormone deficiency: A case series. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 45(1) [10.1186/s13052-019-0691-1].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||The use of recombinant human growth hormone in patients with Mucopolysaccharidoses and growth hormone deficiency: A case series|
|Autori:||Cattoni, A; Motta, S; Masera, N; Gasperini, S; Rovelli, A; Parini, R|
CATTONI, ALESSANDRO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Rivista:||THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0691-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|