Airborne bacteria were characterized over a 2-y period via high-throughput massive sequencing of 16S rRNA gene in aerosol samples collected at a background mountain European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) Network site (Monte Martano, Italy) located in the Central Mediterranean area. The air mass origin of nineteen samples was identified by air mass modelling and a detailed chemical analysis was performed. Four main origins (Saharan, North-western, North-eastern, and Regional) were identified, and distinct microbial communities were associated with these air masses. Samples featured a great bacterial diversity with Protobacteria being the most abundant phylum, and Sphingomonas followed by Acidovorax, Acinetobacter and Stenotrophomonas the most abundant genera of the dataset. Bacterial genera including potential human and animal pathogens were more abundant in European and in Regional samples compared to Saharan samples; this stressed the relevance of anthropic impact on bacterial populations transported by air masses that cross densely populated areas. The principal aerosol chemical characteristics and the airborne bacterial communities were correlated by cluster analysis, similarity tests and non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis, explaining most of the variability observed. However, the strong correlation between bacterial community structure and air mass origin hampered the possibility to disentangle the effects of variations in bacterial populations and in dust provenance on variations in chemical variables.
Petroselli, C., Montalbani, E., La Porta, G., Crocchianti, S., Moroni, B., Casagrande, C., et al. (2021). Characterization of long-range transported bioaerosols in the Central Mediterranean. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 763(1 April 2021).
|Citazione:||Petroselli, C., Montalbani, E., La Porta, G., Crocchianti, S., Moroni, B., Casagrande, C., et al. (2021). Characterization of long-range transported bioaerosols in the Central Mediterranean. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 763(1 April 2021).|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Characterization of long-range transported bioaerosols in the Central Mediterranean|
|Autori:||Petroselli, C; Montalbani, E; La Porta, G; Crocchianti, S; Moroni, B; Casagrande, C; Ceci, E; Selvaggi, R; Sebastiani, B; Gandolfi, I; Franzetti, A; Federici, E; Cappelletti, D|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Rivista:||SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|