This paper presents the design and the experimental characterization of a complete acoustic analog front-end (A-AFE) read-out channel for detecting thermo-acoustic pulses induced by heavy-charged particles interacting with matter. The most relevant applications are in particle physics experiments (bubble chambers for Dark Matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) detection) and biomedical (beam range verification in oncological hadron-therapy). Typical thermo-acoustic pulses are characterized by 50 kHz-500 kHz bandwidth and weak amplitudes (around 5-50 Pa) and thus require low-noise piezoelectric-based ultrasound sensors (with input-referred noise power spectral density, IRN-PSD, as low as 1-2 nV/root Hz) whose output signal is 1-10 mu V0- PEAK amplitude. Thus, even lower noise electronics are needed to preserve the weakest signal and maximize the sensitivity of the whole detector.For this reason, the A-AFE has been designed to achieve a global 0.3 dB Noise Figure with an input-referred detector noise floor as low as 2.3 mu V-RMS (corresponding to 93 mPaRMS) thanks to a dedicated JFET-based low-noise amplifier. The A-AFE achieves 31.5 dB Signal-to-Noise-Ratio at 4.8 Pa and 160 kHz pressure source.The final A-AFE prototype has 45 dB in-band gain at 0.3 nV/root Hz Input Referred Noise and it is the first specifically designed and optimized for sensing the acoustic signal coming from interactions between radiations and matter.

Vallicelli, E., Turossi, D., Gelmi, L., Bau, A., Bertoni, R., Fulgione, W., et al. (2020). A 0.3nV/root Hz input-referred-noise analog front-end for radiation-induced thermo-acoustic pulses. INTEGRATION, 74, 11-18 [10.1016/j.vlsi.2020.04.007].

A 0.3nV/root Hz input-referred-noise analog front-end for radiation-induced thermo-acoustic pulses

Vallicelli, EA
;
Baschirotto, A;De Matteis, M
2020

Abstract

This paper presents the design and the experimental characterization of a complete acoustic analog front-end (A-AFE) read-out channel for detecting thermo-acoustic pulses induced by heavy-charged particles interacting with matter. The most relevant applications are in particle physics experiments (bubble chambers for Dark Matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) detection) and biomedical (beam range verification in oncological hadron-therapy). Typical thermo-acoustic pulses are characterized by 50 kHz-500 kHz bandwidth and weak amplitudes (around 5-50 Pa) and thus require low-noise piezoelectric-based ultrasound sensors (with input-referred noise power spectral density, IRN-PSD, as low as 1-2 nV/root Hz) whose output signal is 1-10 mu V0- PEAK amplitude. Thus, even lower noise electronics are needed to preserve the weakest signal and maximize the sensitivity of the whole detector.For this reason, the A-AFE has been designed to achieve a global 0.3 dB Noise Figure with an input-referred detector noise floor as low as 2.3 mu V-RMS (corresponding to 93 mPaRMS) thanks to a dedicated JFET-based low-noise amplifier. The A-AFE achieves 31.5 dB Signal-to-Noise-Ratio at 4.8 Pa and 160 kHz pressure source.The final A-AFE prototype has 45 dB in-band gain at 0.3 nV/root Hz Input Referred Noise and it is the first specifically designed and optimized for sensing the acoustic signal coming from interactions between radiations and matter.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
JFET circuits; Low-noise amplifiers; Piezoelectric transducers; Ultrasonic transducers;
Ultrasonic transducers; Piezoelectric transducers; JFET circuits; Low-noise amplifiers
English
Vallicelli, E., Turossi, D., Gelmi, L., Bau, A., Bertoni, R., Fulgione, W., et al. (2020). A 0.3nV/root Hz input-referred-noise analog front-end for radiation-induced thermo-acoustic pulses. INTEGRATION, 74, 11-18 [10.1016/j.vlsi.2020.04.007].
Vallicelli, E; Turossi, D; Gelmi, L; Bau, A; Bertoni, R; Fulgione, W; Quintino, A; Corcione, M; Baschirotto, A; De Matteis, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/290728
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