Background: Whether an association between alcohol drinking and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk exists is an open question. In order to provide quantification of the issue, we carried out a meta-analysis of published data. Methods: We identified 21 case–control and 8 cohort studies, including a total of 18 759 NHL cases. We derived meta-analytic estimates using random-effects models, taking into account correlation between estimates. Results: The overall relative risk (RR) of NHL for drinkers versus non-drinkers was 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.79–0.91]. Compared with non-drinkers, the pooled RRs were 0.88 for light (≤1 drink per day), 0.87 for moderate (1 to <4 drinks per day), and 0.84 for heavy (≥4 drinks per day) alcohol drinking. There was no association for light drinkers in cohort studies, whereas for moderate and heavy drinkers, the RRs were similar in case–control (0.85 for moderate, 0.92 for heavy) and cohort (0.89 for moderate, 0.79 for heavy) studies. The inverse relation with alcohol consumption (drinkers versus non-drinkers) was similar in men (RR = 0.83) and women (RR = 0.86), but apparently stronger in studies from Asia (RR = 0.69) than other world areas (RR = 0.88). Conclusion: This meta-analysis provides quantitative evidence of a favourable role of alcohol drinking on NHL risk, though the lack of a biological explanation suggests caution in the interpretation of results.
Tramacere, I., Pelucchi, C., Bonifazi, M., Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Bellocco, R., et al. (2012). Alcohol drinking and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 23(11), 2791-2798 [10.1093/annonc/mds013].
|Citazione:||Tramacere, I., Pelucchi, C., Bonifazi, M., Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Bellocco, R., et al. (2012). Alcohol drinking and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 23(11), 2791-2798 [10.1093/annonc/mds013].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Alcohol drinking and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk: a systematic review and a meta-analysis|
|Autori:||Tramacere, I; Pelucchi, C; Bonifazi, M; Bagnardi, V; Rota, M; Bellocco, R; Scotti, L; Islami, F; Corrao, G; Boffetta, P; La Vecchia, C; Negri, E|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Rivista:||ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mds013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|