Background: Little information is available on the long-term clinical outcome of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). Objectives and methods: In an international, retrospective cohort study, we assessed the long-term rates of mortality, residual disability and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a cohort of patients with a first CVT episode. Results: Seven hundred and six patients (73.7% females) with CVT were included. Patients were followed for a total of 3171 patient-years. Median follow-up was 40months (range 6, 297months). At the end of follow-up, 20 patients had died (2.8%). The outcome was generally good: 89.1% of patients had a complete recovery (modified Rankin Score [mRS] 0-1) and 3.8% had a partial recovery and were independent (mRS 2). Eighty-four per cent of patients were treated with oral anticoagulants and the mean treatment duration was 12months. CVT recurred in 31 patients (4.4%), and 46 patients (6.5%) had a VTE in a different site, for an overall incidence of recurrence of 23.6 events per 1000 patient-years (95% confidence Interval [CI] 17.8, 28.7) and of 35.1 events/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 27.7, 44.4) after anticoagulant therapy withdrawal. A previous VTE was the only significant predictor of recurrence at multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 2.70; 95% CI 1.25, 5.83). Conclusions: The long-term risk of mortality and recurrent VTE appears to be low in patients who survived the acute phase of CVT. A previous VTE history independently predicts recurrent events.

Dentali, F., Poli, D., Scoditti, U., Di Minno, M., De Stefano, V., Stefano, V., et al. (2012). Long-term outcomes of patients with cerebral vein thrombosis: a multicenter study. JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, 10(7), 1297-1302 [10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04774.x].

Long-term outcomes of patients with cerebral vein thrombosis: a multicenter study

Falanga, Anna;Rezoagli, Emanuele;
2012

Abstract

Background: Little information is available on the long-term clinical outcome of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). Objectives and methods: In an international, retrospective cohort study, we assessed the long-term rates of mortality, residual disability and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a cohort of patients with a first CVT episode. Results: Seven hundred and six patients (73.7% females) with CVT were included. Patients were followed for a total of 3171 patient-years. Median follow-up was 40months (range 6, 297months). At the end of follow-up, 20 patients had died (2.8%). The outcome was generally good: 89.1% of patients had a complete recovery (modified Rankin Score [mRS] 0-1) and 3.8% had a partial recovery and were independent (mRS 2). Eighty-four per cent of patients were treated with oral anticoagulants and the mean treatment duration was 12months. CVT recurred in 31 patients (4.4%), and 46 patients (6.5%) had a VTE in a different site, for an overall incidence of recurrence of 23.6 events per 1000 patient-years (95% confidence Interval [CI] 17.8, 28.7) and of 35.1 events/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 27.7, 44.4) after anticoagulant therapy withdrawal. A previous VTE was the only significant predictor of recurrence at multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 2.70; 95% CI 1.25, 5.83). Conclusions: The long-term risk of mortality and recurrent VTE appears to be low in patients who survived the acute phase of CVT. A previous VTE history independently predicts recurrent events.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Adult; Cerebral Vein thrombosis; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Recurrence; Thrombosis
English
2012
10
7
1297
1302
open
Dentali, F., Poli, D., Scoditti, U., Di Minno, M., De Stefano, V., Stefano, V., et al. (2012). Long-term outcomes of patients with cerebral vein thrombosis: a multicenter study. JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, 10(7), 1297-1302 [10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04774.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/287242
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