Aim: To evaluate the effect of different strategies to improve placental transfusion in cesarean section (CS). Methods: Retrospective analysis of all singleton term pregnancies that underwent CS over 6 months. Delayed umbilical cord clamping (dUCC) was defined as one done at least 60 s after birth. Umbilical cord milking (UCM) was an option when waiting 60 s was deemed unsafe. The two strategies were compared against early (<60 s) umbilical cord clamping (eUCC) without milking. Neonatal hematocrit (Hct) at 48 h was the main outcome variable. Results: Of the 223 CS in the cohort, 100 were performed in labor and 123 were elective. dUCC was performed in 137, eUCC without milking in 53 and UCM in 33 cases. Neonatal Hct was higher in CS carried out in labor versus in elective CS (59.76% ± 6.17 vs 56.91% ± 5.95, P = 0.001). At multivariate analysis, CS performed in labor (coefficient [coeff.] 3.44, confidence interval [CI] 1.75–5.13, P < 0.001), UCM (coeff. 3.88, CI 1.61–6.14, P = 0.001) and birth weight (coeff. −0.003, CI −0.005 to −0.001, P = 0.001) were the only variables independently associated with neonatal Hct. In elective CS, UCM led to higher neonatal Hct (61.5% ± 5.5) compared to eUCC without milking (55.1% ± 5.5) and dUCC (56.4% ± 5.7, P = 0.001), while in CS performed in labor there were no significant differences among the placental transfusion strategies. Conclusion: In term CS, neonatal Hct is significantly higher when the CS is performed in labor or with UCM. In elective CS, UCM could be a valid option to favor placental transfusion.

Consonni, S., Vaglio Tessitore, I., Conti, C., Plevani, C., Condo', M., Torcasio, F., et al. (2020). Umbilical cord management strategies at cesarean section. THE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY RESEARCH, 46(12), 2590-2597 [10.1111/jog.14501].

Umbilical cord management strategies at cesarean section

Consonni S.;Vaglio Tessitore I.;Conti C.;Plevani C.;Locatelli A.
2020

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effect of different strategies to improve placental transfusion in cesarean section (CS). Methods: Retrospective analysis of all singleton term pregnancies that underwent CS over 6 months. Delayed umbilical cord clamping (dUCC) was defined as one done at least 60 s after birth. Umbilical cord milking (UCM) was an option when waiting 60 s was deemed unsafe. The two strategies were compared against early (<60 s) umbilical cord clamping (eUCC) without milking. Neonatal hematocrit (Hct) at 48 h was the main outcome variable. Results: Of the 223 CS in the cohort, 100 were performed in labor and 123 were elective. dUCC was performed in 137, eUCC without milking in 53 and UCM in 33 cases. Neonatal Hct was higher in CS carried out in labor versus in elective CS (59.76% ± 6.17 vs 56.91% ± 5.95, P = 0.001). At multivariate analysis, CS performed in labor (coefficient [coeff.] 3.44, confidence interval [CI] 1.75–5.13, P < 0.001), UCM (coeff. 3.88, CI 1.61–6.14, P = 0.001) and birth weight (coeff. −0.003, CI −0.005 to −0.001, P = 0.001) were the only variables independently associated with neonatal Hct. In elective CS, UCM led to higher neonatal Hct (61.5% ± 5.5) compared to eUCC without milking (55.1% ± 5.5) and dUCC (56.4% ± 5.7, P = 0.001), while in CS performed in labor there were no significant differences among the placental transfusion strategies. Conclusion: In term CS, neonatal Hct is significantly higher when the CS is performed in labor or with UCM. In elective CS, UCM could be a valid option to favor placental transfusion.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
cesarean section; delayed cord clamping; neonatal hematocrit; placental transfusion strategy; umbilical cord milking
English
Consonni, S., Vaglio Tessitore, I., Conti, C., Plevani, C., Condo', M., Torcasio, F., et al. (2020). Umbilical cord management strategies at cesarean section. THE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY RESEARCH, 46(12), 2590-2597 [10.1111/jog.14501].
Consonni, S; Vaglio Tessitore, I; Conti, C; Plevani, C; Condo', M; Torcasio, F; Pintucci, A; Locatelli, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/287047
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