Objectives Poor worldwide rate of blood pressure control is largely due to poor adherence to antihypertensive (AHT) drug treatment. The question of whether sex affects adherence has long been debated but conflicting findings have been reported on this issue. Our objective was to evaluate sex differences in the adherence to AHT therapy. Research design and methods Studies were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar (through January 2020) and manual handsearching of relevant articles. Observational studies reporting adherence to AHT drugs measured by self-report or pharmacy refill prescription-based methods among men and women were included. Summarised estimates of OR s with 95% CIs were calculated using random-effects model and meta-regression models. Results From 12 849 potentially relevant publications, 82 studies (15 517 457 men and 18 537 599 women) were included. No significant between-sex differences in adherence to AHT were observed, whether all study-specific estimates were summarised (OR s 1.04, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.09, p=0.07), nor estimates were pooled according to the method for measuring adherence. Among patients aged 65 years or older, lower self-reported adherence was observed in women (OR s 0.84, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.97, p=0.02), while the main result remained unchanged according to other subgroup analyses. Conclusions Definitive evidence of sex differences in adherence to AHT therapy cannot be drawn. Our little knowledge about factors affecting adherence, in particular of sex effect among elderly, urgently requires high-quality studies investigating these issues.

Biffi, A., Rea, F., Iannaccone, T., Filippelli, A., Mancia, G., Corrao, G. (2020). Sex differences in the adherence of antihypertensive drugs: A systematic review with meta-analyses. BMJ OPEN, 10(7) [10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036418].

Sex differences in the adherence of antihypertensive drugs: A systematic review with meta-analyses

Biffi A.
Primo
;
Rea F.
Secondo
;
Mancia G.
Penultimo
;
Corrao G.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Objectives Poor worldwide rate of blood pressure control is largely due to poor adherence to antihypertensive (AHT) drug treatment. The question of whether sex affects adherence has long been debated but conflicting findings have been reported on this issue. Our objective was to evaluate sex differences in the adherence to AHT therapy. Research design and methods Studies were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar (through January 2020) and manual handsearching of relevant articles. Observational studies reporting adherence to AHT drugs measured by self-report or pharmacy refill prescription-based methods among men and women were included. Summarised estimates of OR s with 95% CIs were calculated using random-effects model and meta-regression models. Results From 12 849 potentially relevant publications, 82 studies (15 517 457 men and 18 537 599 women) were included. No significant between-sex differences in adherence to AHT were observed, whether all study-specific estimates were summarised (OR s 1.04, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.09, p=0.07), nor estimates were pooled according to the method for measuring adherence. Among patients aged 65 years or older, lower self-reported adherence was observed in women (OR s 0.84, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.97, p=0.02), while the main result remained unchanged according to other subgroup analyses. Conclusions Definitive evidence of sex differences in adherence to AHT therapy cannot be drawn. Our little knowledge about factors affecting adherence, in particular of sex effect among elderly, urgently requires high-quality studies investigating these issues.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
clinical pharmacology; epidemiology; hypertension;
English
8-lug-2020
2020
10
7
e036418
open
Biffi, A., Rea, F., Iannaccone, T., Filippelli, A., Mancia, G., Corrao, G. (2020). Sex differences in the adherence of antihypertensive drugs: A systematic review with meta-analyses. BMJ OPEN, 10(7) [10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036418].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10281-286733_VoR.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Licenza: Creative Commons
Dimensione 1.82 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.82 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/286733
Citazioni
  • Scopus 32
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
Social impact