The teratogenic potential of commercially available copper oxide (CuO), titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) was evaluated using the standardized FETAX test. After characterization of NP suspensions by TEM, DLS and AAS, histopathological screening and advanced confocal and energy-filtered electron microscopy techniques were used to characterize the induced lesions and to track NPs in tissues. Except for nCuO, which was found to be weakly embryolethal only at the highest concentration tested, the NPs did not cause mortality at concentrations up to 500 mg/L. However, they induced significant malformation rates, and the gut was observed to be the main target organ. CuO NPs exhibited the highest teratogenic potential, although no specific terata were observed. ZnO NPs caused the most severe lesions to the intestinal barrier, allowing NPs to reach the underlying tissues. TiO2 NPs showed mild embryotoxicity, and it is possible that this substance could be associated with hidden biological effects. Ions from dissolved nCuO contributed greatly to the observed embryotoxic effects, but those from nZnO did not, suggesting that their mechanisms of action may be different. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.
Bacchetta, R., Santo, N., Fascio, U., Moschini, E., Freddi, S., Chirico, G., et al. (2012). Nano-sized CuO, TiO2 and ZnO affect Xenopus laevis development. NANOTOXICOLOGY.
|Citazione:||Bacchetta, R., Santo, N., Fascio, U., Moschini, E., Freddi, S., Chirico, G., et al. (2012). Nano-sized CuO, TiO2 and ZnO affect Xenopus laevis development. NANOTOXICOLOGY.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Nano-sized CuO, TiO2 and ZnO affect Xenopus laevis development|
|Autori:||Bacchetta, R; Santo, N; Fascio, U; Moschini, E; Freddi, S; Chirico,G; Camatini, MC; Mantecca, P|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2011.579634|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|