Introduction: Studies on the epidemiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are mainly based on tertiary referral centers; and are retrospective case series susceptible to selection bias. The aim of this study was to estimate incidence; survival and cause of mortality of PSC in Italy; using population-based data. Methods: Data collected from the National Rare Diseases Registry (RNMR) and the National Mortality Database (NMD) were integrated and analyzed. Results: We identified 502 PSC incident cases. The crude incidence rate between 2012 and 2014 was 0.10 per 100,000 individuals. Sixty percent were male; mean age at disease onset and at diagnosis were 33 and 37 years; respectively; highlighting a mean diagnostic delay of 4 years. The rate of interregional mobility was 12%. Ten-year survival was 92%. In 32% of cases the cause of death was biliary-related; 12% died of biliary or gallbladder cancer. Conclusions: For rare diseases such as PSC; population-based cohort’s studies are of paramount importance. Incidence rates of PSC in Italy are markedly lower and survival much longer than the ones reported from tertiary; single-centre series. Moreover; the diagnostic delay and the patient interregional mobility highlights the need for increasing awareness on the disease and for resource reallocation among Italian regions within the National Health Service.

Carbone, M., Kodra, Y., Rocchetti, A., Manno, V., Minelli, G., Gerussi, A., et al. (2020). Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Burden of disease and mortality using data from the national rare diseases registry in Italy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17(9) [10.3390/ijerph17093095].

Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Burden of disease and mortality using data from the national rare diseases registry in Italy

Carbone M.
;
Gerussi A.;Malinverno F.;Cristoferi L.;Invernizzi P.;
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Studies on the epidemiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are mainly based on tertiary referral centers; and are retrospective case series susceptible to selection bias. The aim of this study was to estimate incidence; survival and cause of mortality of PSC in Italy; using population-based data. Methods: Data collected from the National Rare Diseases Registry (RNMR) and the National Mortality Database (NMD) were integrated and analyzed. Results: We identified 502 PSC incident cases. The crude incidence rate between 2012 and 2014 was 0.10 per 100,000 individuals. Sixty percent were male; mean age at disease onset and at diagnosis were 33 and 37 years; respectively; highlighting a mean diagnostic delay of 4 years. The rate of interregional mobility was 12%. Ten-year survival was 92%. In 32% of cases the cause of death was biliary-related; 12% died of biliary or gallbladder cancer. Conclusions: For rare diseases such as PSC; population-based cohort’s studies are of paramount importance. Incidence rates of PSC in Italy are markedly lower and survival much longer than the ones reported from tertiary; single-centre series. Moreover; the diagnostic delay and the patient interregional mobility highlights the need for increasing awareness on the disease and for resource reallocation among Italian regions within the National Health Service.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Autoimmune liver disease; Cholestatic liver disease; Epidemiology; Primary sclerosing cholangitis; Rare diseases; Registry
English
Carbone, M., Kodra, Y., Rocchetti, A., Manno, V., Minelli, G., Gerussi, A., et al. (2020). Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Burden of disease and mortality using data from the national rare diseases registry in Italy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17(9) [10.3390/ijerph17093095].
Carbone, M; Kodra, Y; Rocchetti, A; Manno, V; Minelli, G; Gerussi, A; Ronca, V; Malinverno, F; Cristoferi, L; Floreani, A; Invernizzi, P; Conti, S; Taruscio, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/283401
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