Visuomotor transformations at the cortical level occur along a network where posterior parietal regions are connected to homologous premotor regions. Grasping-related activity is represented in a diffuse, ventral and dorsal system in the posterior parietal regions, but no systematic causal description of a premotor counterpart of a similar diffuse grasping representation is available. To fill this gap, we measured the kinematics of right finger movements in 17 male and female human participants during grasping of three objects of different sizes. Single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied 100 ms after visual presentation of the object over a regular grid of 8 spots covering the left premotor cortex (PMC) and 2 Sham stimulations. Maximum finger aperture during reach was used as the feature to classify object size in different types of classifiers. Classification accuracy was taken as a measure of the efficiency of visuomotor transformations for grasping. Results showed that transcranial magnetic stimulation reduced classification accuracy compared with Sham stimulation when it was applied to 2 spots in the ventral PMC and 1 spot in the medial PMC, corresponding approximately to the ventral PMC and the dorsal portion of the supplementary motor area. Our results indicate a multifocal representation of object geometry for grasping in the PMC that matches the known multifocal parietal maps of grasping representations. Additionally, we confirm that, by applying a uniform spatial sampling procedure, transcranial magnetic stimulation can produce cortical functional maps independent of a priori spatial assumptions.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Visually guided actions activate a large frontoparietal network. Here, we used a dense grid of transcranial magnetic stimulation spots covering the whole premotor cortex (PMC), to identify with accurate spatial mapping the functional specialization of the human PMC during grasping movement. Results corroborate previous findings about the role of the ventral PMC in preshaping the fingers according to the size of the target. Crucially, we found that the medial part of PMC, putatively covering the supplementary motor area, plays a direct role in object grasping. In concert with findings in nonhuman primates, these results indicate a multifocal representation of object geometry for grasping in the PMC and expand our understanding of how our brain integrates visual and motor information to perform visually guided actions.
Lega, C., Pirruccio, M., Bicego, M., Parmigiani, L., Chelazzi, L., & Cattaneo, L. (2020). The Topography of Visually Guided Grasping in the Premotor Cortex: A Dense-Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Mapping Study. THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 40(35), 6790-6800.
|Citazione:||Lega, C., Pirruccio, M., Bicego, M., Parmigiani, L., Chelazzi, L., & Cattaneo, L. (2020). The Topography of Visually Guided Grasping in the Premotor Cortex: A Dense-Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Mapping Study. THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 40(35), 6790-6800.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||The Topography of Visually Guided Grasping in the Premotor Cortex: A Dense-Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Mapping Study|
|Autori:||Lega, C; Pirruccio, M; Bicego, M; Parmigiani, L; Chelazzi, L; Cattaneo, L|
LEGA, CARLOTTA (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0560-20.2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|