The design and development of contrast agents (CAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in clinical analysis is expected to improve the image spatial resolution and to increase the detection sensitivity, especially regarding neurological disorders and cancer disease. In particular, advanced CAs for T1-weighted images are investigated to achieve the sensitive detection of early-stage primary tumors or brain metastases. In this study, we present a strategy toward diagnostic T1 CAs for MRI, based on polymer-modified MnO nanoparticles (NPs). Two different nanosystems were synthesized, consisting of (1) colloidal MnO nanocrystals wrapped by a multidentate amphiphilic polymer and (2) MnO nanocrystals embedded within poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs. These nanosystems were compared in terms of their MRI contrast power and biological safety. The latter system combines the excellent biocompatibility of PLGA with the unique magnetic properties of MnO NPs and allows sustained contrast enhancement over time. Longitudinal relaxivities of both MnO composite nanomaterials proved to be higher than those of commercial Gd-based CAs and Teslascan, both in phosphate-buffered saline and in plasma, also exhibiting low cytotoxicity. The high relaxation rates achieved with these contrast enhancers are promising toward future application in in vivo imaging.
Mauri, M., Collico, V., Morelli, L., Das, P., Garcia, I., Penaranda Avila, J., et al. (2020). MnO Nanoparticles Embedded in Functional Polymers as T1 Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS, 3(4), 3787-3797.
|Citazione:||Mauri, M., Collico, V., Morelli, L., Das, P., Garcia, I., Penaranda Avila, J., et al. (2020). MnO Nanoparticles Embedded in Functional Polymers as T1 Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS, 3(4), 3787-3797.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||MnO Nanoparticles Embedded in Functional Polymers as T1 Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging|
|Autori:||Mauri, M; Collico, V; Morelli, L; Das, P; Garcia, I; Penaranda Avila, J; Bellini, M; Rotem, R; Truffi, M; Corsi, F; Simonutti, R; Liz-Marzan, L; Colombo, M; Prosperi, D|
MAURI, MICHELE (Co-primo)
COLLICO, VERONICA (Co-primo)
COLOMBO, MIRIAM (Penultimo) (Corresponding)
PROSPERI, DAVIDE (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c00474|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|