In recent studies, robots are used to stimulate living systems in controlled experimental settings. This research strategy is called here interactive biorobotics, to distinguish it from classical biorobotics, in which robots are used to simulate, rather than to stimulate, living system behaviour. This article offers a methodological analysis of interactive biorobotics and has two goals. The first one is to argue that interactive biorobotics is methodologically different, in some important respects, from classical biorobotics and from countless instances of model-based science. It will be shown that interactive biorobotics does not conform to the so-called “understanding by building” approach or synthetic method, and that it illustrates a novel use of models in science. The second goal is to reflect on the logic of interactive biorobotics. A distinction will be made between two classes of studies, which will be called “proximal” and “distal”. In proximal studies, experiments involving robot-animal interaction are brought to bear on theoretical hypotheses on robot-animal interaction. In distal studies, experiments involving robot-animal interaction are brought to bear on theoretical hypotheses on animal-animal interaction. Distal studies involve logical steps which may be particularly hard to justify. This distinction, together with a methodological reflection on the relationship between the context in which the experiments are carried out and the context in which the conclusions are expected to hold, will lead to a checklist of questions which may be useful to justify and evaluate the validity of interactive biorobotics studies. The reconstruction of the logic of interactive biorobotics made here, though preliminary, may contribute to justifying the important role that robots, as tool for stimulating living systems, can play in the contemporary life sciences.
Datteri, E. (2020). The logic of interactive biorobotics. FRONTIERS IN BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 8.
|Citazione:||Datteri, E. (2020). The logic of interactive biorobotics. FRONTIERS IN BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 8.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||The logic of interactive biorobotics|
DATTERI, EDOARDO (Primo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||FRONTIERS IN BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00637|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|