Species range expansions are crucial for understanding niche formation and the interaction with the environment. Here, we studied the bumblebee Bombus haematurus Kriechbaumer, 1870, a species historically distributed from northern Serbia through northern Iran which has very recently started expanding northwestward into Central Europe without human-mediated dispersal (i.e., it is a natural spread). After updating the global distribution of this species, we investigated if niche shifts took place during this range expansion between newly colonized and historical areas. In addition, we have explored which climatic factors may have favored the natural range expansion of the species. Our results indicated that Bombus haematurus has colonized large territories in 7 European countries outside the historical area in the period from the 1980s to 2018, a natural expansion over an area that equals 20% of the historical distribution. In addition, this bumblebee performs generalism in flower visitation and it occurs in different habitats, although a preference for forested areas clearly emerges. The land-use associated with the species in the colonized areas is similar to the historical distribution, indicating that no major niche shifts occurred during the spread. Furthermore, in recently colonized localities, the range expansion was associated with warming temperatures during the winter and also during both queen overwintering and emergence phases. These findings document a case of natural range expansion due to environmental change rather than due to niche shifts, and specifically they suggest that warmer winters could be linked to the process of natural colonization of new areas.

Biella, P., Ćetković, A., Gogala, A., Neumayer, J., Sárospataki, M., Šima, P., et al. (2021). North-westward range expansion of the bumblebee Bombus haematurus into Central Europe is associated with warmer winters and niche conservatism. INSECT SCIENCE, 28(3), 861-872 [10.1111/1744-7917.12800].

North-westward range expansion of the bumblebee Bombus haematurus into Central Europe is associated with warmer winters and niche conservatism

Biella, Paolo
Primo
;
2021

Abstract

Species range expansions are crucial for understanding niche formation and the interaction with the environment. Here, we studied the bumblebee Bombus haematurus Kriechbaumer, 1870, a species historically distributed from northern Serbia through northern Iran which has very recently started expanding northwestward into Central Europe without human-mediated dispersal (i.e., it is a natural spread). After updating the global distribution of this species, we investigated if niche shifts took place during this range expansion between newly colonized and historical areas. In addition, we have explored which climatic factors may have favored the natural range expansion of the species. Our results indicated that Bombus haematurus has colonized large territories in 7 European countries outside the historical area in the period from the 1980s to 2018, a natural expansion over an area that equals 20% of the historical distribution. In addition, this bumblebee performs generalism in flower visitation and it occurs in different habitats, although a preference for forested areas clearly emerges. The land-use associated with the species in the colonized areas is similar to the historical distribution, indicating that no major niche shifts occurred during the spread. Furthermore, in recently colonized localities, the range expansion was associated with warming temperatures during the winter and also during both queen overwintering and emergence phases. These findings document a case of natural range expansion due to environmental change rather than due to niche shifts, and specifically they suggest that warmer winters could be linked to the process of natural colonization of new areas.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
climate change; insect conservation; niche conservatism; niche shift; pollinator; range expansion;
English
13-mag-2020
2021
28
3
861
872
open
Biella, P., Ćetković, A., Gogala, A., Neumayer, J., Sárospataki, M., Šima, P., et al. (2021). North-westward range expansion of the bumblebee Bombus haematurus into Central Europe is associated with warmer winters and niche conservatism. INSECT SCIENCE, 28(3), 861-872 [10.1111/1744-7917.12800].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/275887
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