In Italy in 2007, 26% of two-wheeled motor vehicle injury/fatalities concerned motorcyclists. However, it is rare (4%) that a motorcycle (MC) crashes with two other road users and even more exceptional is a crash between a MC and three other vehicles. In general, in MC–vehicle crashes, the vehicle driver is at fault in more than 50% of the cases and the motorcyclist in 37%. The study concerns three MC lethal road accidents in which the culpability of the motorcyclist’s death was questioned by the prosecutor because it was supposed that one or more vehicles ran over the motorcyclist after a fall. The crucial question in these three cases was if it was possible to assign injuries to a specific crash-aetiology and to assign/exclude the responsibility of motorcyclist’s death to a defined subject (motorcyclist himself and/or car drivers) after a crash-dynamics study made by an engineer consultant or by the police authority. Case (1) A 56-yearold motorcyclist on a highway had a front–rear end collision with a car that suddenly stopped; he was therefore projected against a concrete traffic island, thrown on the soil and run over by another car. Case (2) A 29-year-old motorcyclist on the East ring road fell on the soil, perhaps by a supposed front–rear end contact with a car and was run over by two cars in rapid succession. Case (3) A 34-year-old motorcyclist on the North ring road fell suddenly on the soil for unknown reasons; during first aid, the medical team around him was run over by the ambulance which pushed after a rear-end collision with a car. A stepwise analysis of the indicated crash dynamics and an evaluation of all the injuries revealed at autopsy, the study proposed, when possible, injury aetiology for each case and the related responsibility assignments and exclusions.
Schillaci, D.R. (2009). Motorcyclists' fatalities in multiple crashes: Who is responsible for death? (three cases). FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 1, 24-26 [10.1016/j.fsisup.2009.08.008].
|Citazione:||Schillaci, D.R. (2009). Motorcyclists' fatalities in multiple crashes: Who is responsible for death? (three cases). FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 1, 24-26 [10.1016/j.fsisup.2009.08.008].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Motorcyclists' fatalities in multiple crashes: Who is responsible for death? (three cases)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2009|
|Rivista:||FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsisup.2009.08.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|