The Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) algorithm is the most widely accepted staging system form hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver resection is traditionally proposed to early stage HCC (BCLC-0/A), even if recent reports have shown that surgical resection could provide a safe and effective treatment also for intermediate-stage HCC (BCLC-B). In this study, we focused on surgical and oncological outcomes of hepatic resection in BLCB-B patients. Patients who received hepatic resection for early- (BCLC-0/A) or intermediate-stage (BCLC-B) HCC in two tertiary hepatobiliary centers between January 2003 and December 2016 were included in study. Four-hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the analysis. At the time of resection, 298 patients were classified as BCLC-A/0 and 131 as BCLC-B. Despite a higher complication rate in BCLC-B group (49.6% vs 32.9%; p = 0.001), the incidence of clinically relevant complications did not differ significantly between the two groups (16.0% vs 10.1%; p = 0.079); moreover, postoperative mortality (4.6% vs 2.7%; p = 0.309) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were similar between BCLC-0/A and BCLC-B group (1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS: 74, 43, and 31% vs 59, 38, and 34%; p = 0.180). Overall survival was slightly worse in BCLC-B group (1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival of 89, 70, and 52% vs. 77, 51, and 44%; p = 0.004). Focusing on BCLC-B group, a Child–Pugh score B (HR 2.47; p = 0.003), growing number of nodules (HR 3.04; p = 0.003), and R1 resection (HR 2.43; p = 0.005) beard a higher risk of tumor recurrence, while overall survival was negatively affected by the presence of more than two nodules (HR 3.66; p = 0.0001) and R1 resection (HR 3.06; p = 0.0001); patients presenting single-large HCC experienced a better overall survival (HR 0.53; p = 0.014) and lower recurrence-rate (HR 0.60; p = 0.046). Hepatic resection for intermediate-stage HCC shows acceptable results in terms of perioperative morbidity and mortality, with better oncological outcomes in patients with lower number of lesions despite of their size.

Di Sandro, S., Centonze, L., Pinotti, E., Lauterio, A., De Carlis, R., Romano, F., et al. (2019). Surgical and oncological outcomes of hepatic resection for BCLC-B hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective multicenter analysis among 474 consecutive cases. UPDATES IN SURGERY, 71(2), 285-293 [10.1007/s13304-019-00649-w].

Surgical and oncological outcomes of hepatic resection for BCLC-B hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective multicenter analysis among 474 consecutive cases

Pinotti E.;Lauterio A.;Romano F.;Gianotti L.;De Carlis L.;Bagnardi V.;Ciravegna A.
2019

Abstract

The Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) algorithm is the most widely accepted staging system form hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver resection is traditionally proposed to early stage HCC (BCLC-0/A), even if recent reports have shown that surgical resection could provide a safe and effective treatment also for intermediate-stage HCC (BCLC-B). In this study, we focused on surgical and oncological outcomes of hepatic resection in BLCB-B patients. Patients who received hepatic resection for early- (BCLC-0/A) or intermediate-stage (BCLC-B) HCC in two tertiary hepatobiliary centers between January 2003 and December 2016 were included in study. Four-hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the analysis. At the time of resection, 298 patients were classified as BCLC-A/0 and 131 as BCLC-B. Despite a higher complication rate in BCLC-B group (49.6% vs 32.9%; p = 0.001), the incidence of clinically relevant complications did not differ significantly between the two groups (16.0% vs 10.1%; p = 0.079); moreover, postoperative mortality (4.6% vs 2.7%; p = 0.309) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were similar between BCLC-0/A and BCLC-B group (1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS: 74, 43, and 31% vs 59, 38, and 34%; p = 0.180). Overall survival was slightly worse in BCLC-B group (1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival of 89, 70, and 52% vs. 77, 51, and 44%; p = 0.004). Focusing on BCLC-B group, a Child–Pugh score B (HR 2.47; p = 0.003), growing number of nodules (HR 3.04; p = 0.003), and R1 resection (HR 2.43; p = 0.005) beard a higher risk of tumor recurrence, while overall survival was negatively affected by the presence of more than two nodules (HR 3.66; p = 0.0001) and R1 resection (HR 3.06; p = 0.0001); patients presenting single-large HCC experienced a better overall survival (HR 0.53; p = 0.014) and lower recurrence-rate (HR 0.60; p = 0.046). Hepatic resection for intermediate-stage HCC shows acceptable results in terms of perioperative morbidity and mortality, with better oncological outcomes in patients with lower number of lesions despite of their size.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
BCLC; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver resection; Liver surgery; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular; Female; Humans; Liver Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Neoplasm Staging; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; Treatment Outcome; Young Adult; Hepatectomy
English
2-apr-2019
2019
71
2
285
293
none
Di Sandro, S., Centonze, L., Pinotti, E., Lauterio, A., De Carlis, R., Romano, F., et al. (2019). Surgical and oncological outcomes of hepatic resection for BCLC-B hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective multicenter analysis among 474 consecutive cases. UPDATES IN SURGERY, 71(2), 285-293 [10.1007/s13304-019-00649-w].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/275535
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